Search results

John Borneman

12 Abandonment and victory in relations with dead bodies John Borneman Katherine Verdery was the first to make some systematic observations about the accelerated movement of dead bodies in EastCentral Europe following the collapse of the Soviet Empire. She noted that, in this period of political transformation, the corpses of political leaders and cultural heroes accrued certain powers leading to a struggle over appropriating those powers, and to the exhumation and displacement of their bodies (Verdery 1999). Here I wish to consider the modes of appropriation

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
The tales destruction tells
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

questions whether the treatment of corpses should mirror nationalism and even community, nation, or empire building. And if all the contributions ultimately show the extent to which the treatments of corpses are indeed political, this is demonstrated not only at the macro level of empire building, which has already been demonstrated by genocide scholars such as Mark Levene,20 but also at a regional or even local level. This extends to the pursuit of controlling space, not necessarily aimed at territorial expansion, as well as, on a more intimate level, embodying a

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Corpses and mass violence: an inventory of the unthinkable
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

previous massacres, with the motivations behind them political, ideo­logical, racial or religious, and fitted into a generalized background of violence and the construction of nation-states or territorial empires.3 Mass violence was also a symptom of new types of political regime, with no precedent in human history.4 Yet, in spite of their scale and variety, and in spite of their millions of victims, European massacres and genocides on their own do not allow us to draw a definitive typology of mass violence, for other continents have seen, and indeed are still witnessing

in Human remains and mass violence
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

their own cultures, and to commemorate their own wartime past’.37 Notes 1 Christopher Bayly and Tim Harper characterize the Japanese invasion as a ‘Rape of Malaya’. See C. Bayly & T. Harper, Forgotten Armies: Britain’s Asian Empire and the War with Japan (London: Penguin, 2005), p. 208; Geoffrey C. Gunn argues that the planning and coordination of the sook ching massacres summon comparisons; G. Gunn, ‘Remembering the Southeast Asian Chinese massacres of 1941–45’, Journal of Contemporary Asia, 37:3 (2007), 273–91. 2 For various estimates, see M. Shinozaki, Syonan

in Human remains and identification
Yehonatan Alsheh

used to be a communicative gesture – a way to state who is sovereign – the emergence of biodisciplinary power enabled the sovereign social group to optimize its own life by means of minimalizing the life of its adversary (or assumed to be adversary) social group. Ontological biopolitics attempts to elaborate this historical emergence of the distinction between life worthy of living and life unworthy of living by accentuating its negative normative value. Whether embodied in the trans-historical figure of the homo sacer, empire’s radically novel mode of subjugation in

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland
Jelena Tošić

transformed the landscape in different ways. Under the Ottoman Empire in the mid-nineteenth century, the area was a frontier rather than the border ‘line’ that came to typify post-Westphalian Europe as naturalised, timeless and self-evident (see, e.g. Green 2009). Like other ‘shatterzones of empire’ (Bartov and Weitz 2013), this imperial borderland was marked by permeability, brisk and diverse forms of mobility, ‘flexible’ governance strategies and ambivalent loyalties among the population (e.g. Reinkowski 2003; Blumi 2003). As Reinkowski argues, it was the distinctive

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
Crossing borders, changing times
Madeleine Hurd, Hastings Donnan, and Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

-theme of this book – which was brought into being by what Fabian (1983: 32–33) would see as an ‘allochronic’ political cosmology that differentiates ‘the Self-here-and-now’ from ‘the Other-there-and-then’. This spatial–temporal ordering of Europe’s ‘East’ and ‘West’ is a phenomenon that is many centuries old. It arose long before the foundation of nation-states, in the era of the great multinational and multi-religious states of the Ottoman and Hapsburg Empires which ruled central and south-eastern Europe and Asia Minor from the sixteenth to the early twentieth centuries

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
The daily work of Erich Muhsfeldt, chief of the crematorium at Majdanek concentration and extermination camp, 1942–44
Elissa Mailänder

the IKL was replaced by Department Group D of the Main Economic and Administrative Department (WVHA). See J. Tuchel, Die Inspek­ tion der Konzentrationslager, 1938–1945: Das System des Terrors. Eine Dokumentation (The Inspection of the Concentration Camps, 1938–1945. The System of Terror. A Documentation) (Berlin: Hentrich & Hentrich, 1994); J. E. Schulte, Zwangsarbeit und Vernichtung: das Wirtschaftsimperium der SS: Oswald Pohl und das SS-WirtschaftsVerwaltungshauptamt 1933–1945 (Forced Labour and Extermination: The Economic Empire of the SS: Oswald Pohl and the SS

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Or how to make the Armenian corpses disappear
Raymond H. Kévorkian

first priority for the Young Turks was to conceal all traces of their crimes as quickly as possible. The first phase of the genocide The first phase of the genocide, from April to September 1915, consisted of the forced deportation (the ‘death marches’) of the DHR.indb 89 5/15/2014 12:51:10 PM 90  Raymond H. Kévorkian Armenian and Syrian populations from the Ottoman Empire, in particular from six eastern provinces, where the majority had their historic roots. These are wild, mountainous regions, at average altitudes of 2,000 metres; the enclosed valleys

in Destruction and human remains
Olivier Thomas Kramsch

Origin and Spread of Nationalism. London: Verso/NLB. 40 Migrating borders and moving times Aragon, Louis (1926) Le paysan de Paris. Benjamin, Walter (1968) Illuminations. New York: Schocken Books. Benjamin, Walter (1996) Selected Writings, vol. 2. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Benjamin, Walter (1999a) The Arcades Project, trans Howard Eiland and Kevin McLaughlin. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Benjamin, Walter (1999b) ‘The Paris of the Second Empire in Baudelaire’, in Selected Writings, vol. 4, 1938

in Migrating borders and moving times