emanates in material disadvantage. This hints at a
broader social situation raised by Prestes: that those who deplete the most
resources, represented here by the inhabitants of the gated communities,
are also (but only partially and superficially) protected from the ugly and
potentially harmful waste produced by their consumption. Environmentaldamage, perversely, impacts disproportionately on the poor – those people
excluded from the society of producers and consumers – who are least
responsible for producing it.
‘Cata as dores’, however, is not just a passive