John Harries, Linda Fibiger, Joan Smith, Tal Adler and Anna Szöke
This article will query the ethics of making and displaying photographs of human
remains. In particular, we will focus on the role of photography in constituting
human remains as specimens, and the centrality of the creation and circulation
of photographic images to the work of physical anthropology and bioarchaeology.
This work has increasingly become the object of ethical scrutiny, particularly
in the context of a (post)colonial politics of recognition in which indigenous
people seek to recover dominion over their looted material heritage, including
the remains of their dead. This ethical concern extends to the question of how
and under what circumstances we may display photographs of human remains.
Moreover, this is not just a matter of whether and when we should or should not
show photographs of the remains of the dead. It is a question of how these
images are composed and produced. Our discussion of the ethics of the image is,
therefore, indivisible from a consideration of the socio-technical process by
which the photographic image is produced, circulated and consumed.
Death, landscape and power among the Duha Tuvinians of northern Mongolia
Benedikte Møller Kristensen
, theft or magic, which may
spread misfortune among the living kin. The sacred artefacts of the
Duha are thus, as Caroline Humphrey (2002) has proposed regarding the possessions of the Mongolians, ‘expressive and transformative
of persons-in-society’ (2002: 83), since the relationship with possessions is ‘constituted as a matter of character or personality, as an
ethical rather than a legal relation’ (2002: 65). The burial sites of the
Duha materialise the ethics of the deceased subject, his kin and the
state. For example, if the deceased died because of the
historical conflicts, colonial oppression
and political violence’, in A. Gonzalez-Ruibal & G. Moshenka (ed.),
Ethics and the Archaeology of Violence (London: Springer, 2015).
96 José López Mazz
J. López Mazz (ed.), ‘Informe de actividades del Grupo de Investigación
en Antropología Forense’, Presidencia de la República, 2005; López Mazz
& Bracco, Minuanes.
López Mazz, ‘Informe de actividades’, 2005.
Comisión para la Paz, ‘Informe final’.
López Mazz, ‘Informe de actividades’, 2005; López Mazz, ‘Informe de
actividades’, 2011; López
reference to forms of mass violence in which
numerous people are eliminated due to their ideology or political
opinion, was discussed in W. H. Moore, ‘Repression and dissent:
substitution, context, and timing’, American Journal of Political Science,
42:3 (1998), 851–73; G. Sjoberg, E. Gill, N. Williams & K. E. Kuhn,
‘Ethics, human rights and sociological inquiry: genocide, politicide
and other issues of organizational power’, American Sociologist, 26:1
(spring 1995), 8–19.
This theme has been treated in several analytical works: E. Abrahamian,
Anthropological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland.
Foucault, M. (1997) ‘The ethics of the concern for self as a practice of freedom’, in
P. Rabinow (ed.) (trans. R. Hurley), Michel Foucault: Ethics, Subjectivity and Truth, the
Essential Works of Michel Foucault 1954–1984, Vol. 1. London: Penguin.
Green, S.F. (2009) Lines, Traces and Tidemarks: Reflections on Forms of Borderli-ness, COST
Migrating borders and moving times
Action IS0803 Working Paper 1. www.eastbordnet.org/working_papers/open/docu
ments/Green_Lines_Traces_and_Tidemarks_090414.pdf. Accessed 9 August
the researcher confronted with the material traces of the destruction of bodies? And
how do we force ourselves to think the unthinkable, given that
the logical and social frameworks which made the production of
death on such a scale possible seem to escape any articulations of
As regards the question of ethics, how do we avoid voyeurism
and provide an intelligible account of the facts without sliding into
obscenity? And, insofar as the victims are survived by executioners as well as witnesses (whose potential collaborative role in the
Sociology, 6(4): 390–408.
Leonard, Sarah (2010) ‘EU border security and migration into the European Union:
FRONTEX and securitization through practices’, European Security, 19(2): 231–254.
Makridakis I. (2010) ‘Συρματενιοι, Ξεσυρματένιοι· Όλοι. Χιώτες πρόσφυγες και στρατιώτες
στη Μέση Ανατολή: Αφηγήσεις 1941–1946’ [Syrmatenioi, Xesyrmatenioi, Oloi: Chiot
Testimonies of Refugees and Soldiers in the Middle East: 1941–1946]. Athens: Estia.
Manners, Ian (2008) ‘The normative ethics of the European Union’, International Affairs,
Migdal, Joel (2001) State in
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
example of the kinds of activity
that could be undertaken. Short of full ethnography, attending a
transitional justice arena as an observer in the manner of Hagan’s
work 53 on the functioning of the ICTY could also be beneficial.
Similar options with regard to qualitative analysis of observational
field notes are available.
Most university research ethics committees and those of the principal national and international funding councils require a robust
ethical engagement with standard issues when research examines
human beings. These include: informed
Towards atypology of the treatment of corpses of ‘disappeared detainees’ in Argentinafrom 1975 to 1983
, we believe that it would not be problematic to extend the analysis
presented here to the rest of the security and armed forces.
Prudencio García, El drama de la autonomía militar: Argentina bajo las
Juntas Militares (Madrid: Alianza, 1995), p. 35.
It has been possible to identify different methods of indoctrination
with regard to the Argentine army: informal meetings after the regular
courses that took place in training centres; the classes of the standard
courses of these centres, mainly in areas such as religion, ethics,
and the history of international relations