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Reinventing depression among Rio de Janeiro urban dwellers
Leandro David Wenceslau and Francisco Ortega

blocks, or even metres, of hills lacking even basic sanitation, with low income and educational levels. Between 1996 and 2008 the Gini coefficient for social inequality remained stable in Rio de Janeiro and poverty levels actually increased, in contrast to the picture at the national level, where both poverty and inequality rates reduced during this period (Neri, 2010 ). This chapter analyses recent transformations in public mental health care in Rio de Janeiro from an ethnographic perspective. At the heart of these transformations was the significant expansion of

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Open Access (free)
The bridge, the fund and insurance in Dar es Salaam
Irmelin Joelsson

intricate skills, ujanja , a Swahili concept cleverly describing a sort of trickster intelligence, an ability to turn things around. But urban life is also formed, as my ethnography would soon reveal, by the negotiation of connections and of anticipation. Before long, a theme would surface that cut through my initial engagements and let the study diverge unexpectedly. ‘I'm doing it for the connections,’ Yahya, a teacher, asserted. 1 ‘We don't have insurance here, you see, we make connections and

in African cities and collaborative futures
Nikolas Rose

-grained, ethnographically informed analysis of the accumulation of urban situations that constitute stress and their spatial, temporal and sensorial characteristics. In psychiatric research, stress usually appears to be an individual phenomenon. But sociological and ethnographic investigations should map out the ways in which the experience of stress, and of poverty, exclusion, isolation, racism and violence, are shaped by cultural narratives and beliefs. They should also examine what there might be, within collective urban life, that mitigates against stress, whether that be the

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
The case for practice theory
Matthew Hanchard

conversation analysis of map use in car journeys explores how map use is entangled with other driving related practices, but brackets out other social relations. Likewise, Perkins (2008) provides the most promising purchase through ethnographic research, drawing on actor-network theory (ANT) to explore mapping constructions and circuits of capital bounded within the localised contexts of specific case studies of specialised map use. Meanwhile, Hind and Gekker (2014) focus on moments of (social) interaction between user and technology interfaces (driver-car assemblages

in Time for mapping
Open Access (free)
Urban presence and uncertain futures in African cities
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos

relative emphasis and mutual entailment for different populations, or for the same population in different affective states, becomes the ethnographic question’ ( 2007 : 413), an issue that the work of Irmelin Joelsson in this volume situates in contemporary Dar es Salaam (see also the work on Togo by Pinot, 2010 ). The shift towards the temporal rhythms of neoliberal economic knowledge systems was itself a reconfigured relationship between legal and utility logics in the law and economics tradition emerging from economists such as Ronald Coase in the

in African cities and collaborative futures
A conceptual framework for considering mapping projects as they change over time
Cate Turk

consumption, performance and negotiation associated with maps or mapping projects. In practical terms, a variety of methods are used to examine mapping processes. Kitchin, Gleeson and Dodge (2013) employ an insider ethnography to relate the dynamic process of data collection and map making/use/re-use/ re-authoring, akin to a diary or narrative journal of the life of their map(s). Through interviews and participant observation, Del Casino and Hanna (2006) used performative and ethnographic methods to explore their ‘map spaces’. Chris Perkins writes too that performative

in Time for mapping
Open Access (free)
Urban transformation and public health in future cities
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos

some kinds of change and promotes others. Just as technological change restructures the optimal distribution of public health resources, such changes do not take place on a geographical tabula rasa but follow on from pre-existing configurations of city life. It is consequently essential to understand the history and context of these path dependencies, the ethnography of technological change, the normative compromises and the trade-offs surfaced by emergent city forms and the institutional logics of city governance through which such change is mediated. ‘Seeing

in Urban transformations and public health in the emergent city
Open Access (free)
Learning from communities in informal settlements in Durban, South Africa
Maria Christina Georgiadou and Claudia Loggia

. ( 1996 ). ‘ Crossing the great divide: Coproduction, synergy, and development ’. World Development , 24 ( 6 ): 1073–87 . Patel , K. ( 2013 ). ‘ The value of secure tenure: Ethnographic accounts of how tenure security is understood and realised by residents of low-income settlements in Durban, South Africa ’. Urban Forum , 24 ( 2 ): 269–87 . Patel , K. ( 2015 ). ‘ Sowing the

in African cities and collaborative futures
Open Access (free)
From an ‘infrastructural turn’ to the platform logics of logistics
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos

African context, ‘the history of modernity is not so much about the progress of reason as it is about the history of reason's unreason’ (Goldberg, 2018 : 208). Note 1 This insight was generated in an ethnographic project by Bhawani Busawala as part of the PEAK Urban programme ( www.peak-urban.org ). See also Oda and Tsujita ( 2015 : 11). References

in African cities and collaborative futures
Open Access (free)
Situating peripheries research in South Africa and Ethiopia
Paula Meth, Alison Todes, Sarah Charlton, Tatenda Mukwedeya, Jennifer Houghton, Tom Goodfellow, Metadel Sileshi Belihu, Zhengli Huang, Divine Mawuli Asafo, Sibongile Buthelezi, and Fikile Masikane

. ( 2014 ). ‘ The dream and the ordinary: An ethnographic investigation of suburbanisation in Luanda ’. African Studies , 73 ( 2 ): 290–312 . Caldeira , T. ( 2017 ). ‘ Peripheral urbanization: Autoconstruction, transversal logics, and politics in cities of the global south ’. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space , 35 ( 1 ): 3–20 . Charlton , S. ( 2013 ). ‘ State ambitions

in African cities and collaborative futures