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On Anglo-Saxon things
James Paz

as the TDOE. 38 Karkov, Art of Anglo-​Saxon England, p. 158. 39 Daniel Tiffany, ‘Lyric Substance:  On Riddles, Materialism, and Poetic Obscurity’, Critical Inquiry, 28:1 (Autumn 2001), 72–​98, at 75. I return to Tiffany’s essay in Chapter 2. 40 Ingold, Making, p. 31. 41 Craig Williamson (ed. and trans.), Beowulf and Other Old English Poems (Philadelphia, PA:  University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011), p. 162. 42 For discussion, see Nicholas Howe, ‘The Cultural Construction of Reading in Anglo-​Saxon England’, in Jonathan Boyarin (ed.), The Ethnography of Reading

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
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Robin Norris

Moreover, Christopher Krebs calls the Germania ‘a mosaic of Greek and Roman stereotypes, arranged by a writer who most likely never went north of the Alps’; these mourning women and repressed men ‘are in many ways typical representatives of the northern barbarian, sketched within the Greek and Roman ethnographical tradition by … a Roman in Rome for Romans’. 6 Not only does Tacitus present mourning as women's work, but in this same passage he notes that Germanic peoples avoid both ostentation in burial and ‘the difficult

in Dating Beowulf
Duncan Sayer

, based on the angle of a grave and the position of the sun. Subsequent investigation of ethnographic evidence reveals that death in pre-industrial society was more likely in the winter because of the cold and the relative scarcity of food (Brown, 1983 ; Rahtz, 1978 ; Bullough, 1983 ; Boddington, 1990 ; Kendall, 1982 ). Also in the 1970s, Lewis Binford observed that archaeological sites were the product of human agency and he hypothesised that they would contain spatial clustering, which could be investigated by studying material remains (Binford, 1971 ). The

in Early Anglo-Saxon cemeteries
Benjamin A. Saltzman

centuries (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1983) might be useful to think with here, despite its association with the eleventh and twelfth centuries; see Nicholas Howe, ‘The cultural construction of reading in Anglo-Saxon England’, in Jonathan Boyarin (ed.), The ethnography of reading (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993), pp. 58–79. However, the scenes that I am examining in Beowulf depict an oral (as opposed to literate or textual) process of recitation, even as the text of Beowulf itself is a more textual production. On poetic

in Dating Beowulf
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Troubling race, ethnicity, and masculinity in Beowulf
Catalin Taranu

find expressed in the poem in a dialogue where they can productively illuminate each other. Beowulf has always been a site of both utopia and anxiety for communities of men who desire an ethnically pure, hypermasculine mythical origin, as well as the dangers inherent in such a project. Despite the historical, ethnographic, or sociopolitical data Beowulf may contain, it makes sense to treat it as a collective fantasy. Beowulf thus exists in a ludic space in which the anxieties, beliefs, and desires of different textual and emotional

in Dating Beowulf
Open Access (free)
Daniel C. Remein and Erica Weaver

philology: dynamics of textual scholarship (Urbana-Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2003). 27 Daniel Boyarin, ‘Placing reading: ancient Israel and medieval Europe’, in Jonathan Boyarin (ed.), The ethnography of reading (Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1993), p. 19. 28 Edward

in Dating Beowulf