Civilising Rural Ireland examines how modern Ireland emerged out of the social and economic transformation prompted by the rural co-operative movement. The movement emerged in response to systemic economic problems that arose throughout the nineteenth century and coincided with a wide-ranging project of cultural nationalism. Within a short space of time the co-operative movement established a swathe of creameries, agricultural societies and credit societies, leading to a radical reorganisation of rural Ireland and helping to create a distinctive Irish political economy. The work of overlooked co-operative experts is critically examined for the first time and reinserted into the process of state development. The interventions of these organisers, intellectuals and farmers built up key institutions that shaped everyday life across rural communities. The movement weathered war and revolution, to become an indispensable part of an Irish state infrastructure after independence in 1922. The strained relationship and economic rivalry that developed between Irish and British co-operators is also explored in order to illuminate the changing relationship between Ireland and the United Kingdom from an economic perspective. Civilising Rural Ireland will appeal to a wide audience interested in modern Irish history and readers are introduced to an eclectic range of personalities who shared an interest in co-operation and whose actions possessed important consequences for the way Ireland developed. The creative use of local and national sources, many of which are examined for the first time, mean the book offers a new perspective on an important period in the making of modern Ireland.
daily life; within the UK,
twenty-four million people log on to Facebook every day. 13 With the penetration
of social networks into everydaylife, NGOs now use online platforms as
a tool to connect and communicate to ‘networked publics’. 14 In 2009, the
introduction of Facebook ‘pages’ facilitated a space for organisations,
including NGOs, to create public profiles. Facebook ‘pages’ mirror
. Martin Dodge and Rob
Kitchin (Dodge and Kitchin 2005 ; Kitchin and
Dodge 2011 ), alternately, trace the ways in
which digital codes instantiate themselves ubiquitously across the
everydaylife of organisations and, indeed, whole cities. These
data-based processes, as Daniel Neyland ( 2015 )
argues, speak of a broader trend by which technologies based on
is completely able to subject or subvert the other (1988: 217). This is not dissimilar to
Scott’s conceptualisation of the pose, nor to Certeau’s notion of trickery.
Mbembe also reminds us that ‘the ways in which societies compose and
invent themselves in the present – what we could call the creativity of practice – is
always ahead of the knowledge we can ever produce about them’ (Weaver
Shipley 2010: 654, emphasis in the original). Any practice of resistance has to
be understood as embedded in the practice of everydaylife, without reducing
Marie Beauchamps, Marijn Hoijtink, Matthias Leese, Bruno Magalhães, and Sharon Weinblum
Surveillance and Security. Technological Politics and Power in EverydayLife , New York/London: Routledge.
Adey, P., 2006b. ‘If Mobility is Everything Then it is
Nothing: Towards a Relational Politics of (Im)mobilities’,
Mobilities 1(1): 75–94.
Adey, P., 2008. ‘Airports, Mobility and the Calculative
Architecture of Affective Control’, Geoforum 39(1): 438–51.
Adey, P., 2010. Mobility , Milton Park/New York
, Richard Falk and Johan
Galtung started shifting the focus of strategic studies towards peace studies. They
also advanced the idea of security as relating not to the capacity of the sovereign state to accumulate power and use military means, but to human security,
justice and everydaylife (Dunn 1985; Falk 1983; Galtung 1969; Mack 1985).
As was pointed out in the Introduction, the everyday in the liberal peace
debates has been a methodological pathway to theorise peacebuilding’s content
and format. It has also served to contextualise the research, taking into account
sphere of economics and social organisation.
The mundane rhythms and experiences of everydaylife also played a crucial part in this process. The practice of co-operation between citizens mattered as much as the effects of conflict. Through the gradual assimilation of its network of co-operative businesses built around creameries, credit societies and other forms of association, the IAOS helped to create a modern agrarian state. Many rivals contested the extension of co-operative businesses, but by the outbreak of the First World War, these
. 5. Jo Littler also notes that a distinction
between moralism and morality is important to the analysis of
consumption. See Radical Consumption: Shopping for Change in
EverydayLife (Maidenhead: McGraw-Hill, Open University Press,
2009), p. 14. In this chapter I will use the general terms
‘political consumerism’ and ‘ethical consumption’ with the
recognition that this may
Offline and online games, branding and humanitarianism at the Roskilde
Lene Bull Christiansen and Mette Fog Olwig
by moving from grey/dark everydaylife to a bright and
lit-up gym setting:
Birgitte: Annika has always been particularly
sensitive – that was what I called it – we kind of gave it our
own name. When she turned ten she suddenly became really, really
ill and unfortunately it took more than a year for her to get a
, and does so as an element in a polity with other elements, with which, when the modus vivendi works, it conflicts, jars, compromises, and accommodates.
The visibility of a sovereign democracy has been located in streets, in dress, in the courtesies of everydaylife. Arriving in Barcelona in 1936, George Orwell reported that ‘Waiters and shop-walkers looked you in the face and treated you as an equal. Servile and even ceremonial terms of speech had temporarily disappeared.’ 27 From a different political direction, Herbert Morrison, reflecting on