devoid of balance, ravaged instead by the failed ideologies of nationalism, imperialism, communism, capitalism, fascism and liberalism. Following previous historical periods that Hobsbawm had referred to in turn as the age of revolution (1789–1848), the age of capital (1848–75) and the age of empire (1875–1914), the short twentieth century was extreme in two ways.
On the one hand, it was marked by oscillating moods and events ranging from early twentieth-century catastrophe, through a golden age in the decades after
Mayfair Men: Crime, Class, Masculinity, and Fascism in 1930s London (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017). On masculinity and balance, see Chapter 5 .
S. O’Donnell, ‘Changing social and scientific discourses on type 2 diabetes between 1800 and 1950: a socio-historical analysis’, Sociology of Health and Illness , 37:7 (2015), 1102–21; I. Sutherland, ‘Variations in occupational mortality between and within the social
Nursing and medical records in the Imperial War in Ethiopia (1935–36)
Anna La Torre, Giancarlo Celeri Bellotti and Cecilia Sironi
organised and even worse equipped, could do
nothing against an expeditionary force that came to commit around
400,000 men and made extensive use of armoured vehicles, air force
and poison gas.10 On 31 March 1936, the Ethiopian Army was defeated
and on 5 May Italian troops occupied the capital, Addis Ababa. In
1936, fascism reached its peak in terms of support from the Italian
people and, at the same time, fostered intolerance against anything
that dared to challenge the regime. During his proclamation of the
empire speech in Rome on 9 May, Mussolini’s rhetoric inflamed