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Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

three additional countries suffered – or teetered on the edge of – famine, while rapidly increasing numbers of people faced acute food insecurity of a slightly less severe degree ( FEWS NET, 2017 ; IPC, 2020 ). ‘Famine’ has both human and political connotations. In human terms, it means destruction of livelihoods – to the point of destitution with large numbers of food-insecure people, increased severe malnutrition, disease epidemics, excess death and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

Introduction Depending on how one counts, nine out of the ten ‘worst humanitarian crises’ in 2021 have been caused entirely, or at least in part, by violent conflict ( IRC, 2021 ), and almost all contemporary instances of famine and mass starvation 1 have been driven – at least in part – by violent conflict ( de Waal, 2018 ). 2 While the association between armed conflict and food insecurity is complex, ranging from

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

independent and rigorous, though not exclusively quantitative, analysis. The reader may ponder how realistic such a prescription is, as similar to the term genocide, the term famine comes not only with specific connotations of destitution, but a call for action by the international (humanitarian) community that political leaders may always as much resist as welcome ( Read, 2016 ). Data on food insecurity and famine is always more than technical data, as Maxwell and Hailey’s six cases demonstrate in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

Introduction Quantification is an essential component of contemporary humanitarianism. It has manifested most clearly in the proliferation of indexes, metrics, indicators and rankings across the humanitarian sector: CATO’s Human Freedom Index rates each country on a scale of 0–10 to judge the freedom they allow their citizens, the UN’s Integrated Phase Classification categorises countries’ food insecurity into five quantitatively-based tiers to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Nazanin Zadeh-Cummings and Lauren Harris

/or vulnerable North Koreans, but data from agencies working inside the country indicates that a prolonged situation of food insecurity and inadequate access to quality healthcare and hygiene facilities persists. 2 The international humanitarian system in the DPRK includes non-governmental organisations (NGOs), international organisations (IOs) and bilateral organisations. There is no known independent civil society in the DPRK. Humanitarians work with various national and local bodies to deliver their programmes. Humanitarian agencies began working in the country in the mid

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

95 per cent are food-insecure – and are primarily being ‘hosted’ in established Palestinian camps which are themselves characterised by chronic poverty, insecurity, marginalisation and exclusion ( UNRWA, 2017b ). As noted by UNRWA, even before the arrival of tens of thousands of Palestinians displaced from Syria, ‘Among the five UNRWA fields, Lebanon has the highest percentage of Palestine refugees living in abject poverty’ ( UNRWA, n.d.b ). Since then, ‘The influx of Palestine refugees from the Syrian Arab Republic has aggravated the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

, South Sudanese experienced widespread food insecurity, leading to emergency and famine conditions. The international community responded to the crises with humanitarian assistance. South Sudan has become one of the world’s largest humanitarian emergencies. Over the duration of the conflict, optimism and support of the international community shifted, to the extent that many donors were/are no longer willing to support the government. As violence escalated, the government and specific individuals were sanctioned. The Government of South Sudan (GoSS) responded with

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

-use strategies in the territories of Masisi, Lubero (North Kivu) and Walungu (South Kivu), Vlassenroot (2006) identifies several mechanisms of survival within a context of increasing dispossession and food insecurity. They go from collective responses such as shared production and cooperative membership to individual methods such as crop theft and militia membership. Table 6.2 summarises the research and findings. Many of these strategies are present in the activities of the League of Women Peasants Cooperative (LOFEPACO).21 This is a federation of peasant 161 Everyday

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making