The Tomašica mass grave and the trial of Ratko Mladić
This article focuses on the judicial consideration of the scientific analysis of the Tomašica mass grave, in the Prijedor municipality of Republika Srpska in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Often referred to as the largest mass grave in Europe since the Second World War, this grave was fully discovered in September 2013 and the scientific evidence gathered was included in the prosecution of Ratko Mladić before the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. Based on the exhaustive analysis of all the publicly available trial transcripts, this article presents how the Tomašica evidence proved symptomatic of the way in which forensic sciences and international criminal justice intertwine and of the impact of the former over the latter on the admissibility of evidence, the conduct of proceedings and the qualification of the crimes perpetrated.
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
[International Save the Children Union] is in a unique position to observe and in some degree to control the conditions of child life throughout the area of its operations. ( Record , 1922a : 135)
Consequently, many humanitarian films came with the belief they would offer uncontested forensicevidence. This was grounded in the axiom that ‘seeing is believing’, a claim largely used by grass-roots activists today to raise awareness on human rights abuses, and hence the use of visual advocacy. This idea ‘underpins the reliance on a kind of documentary visuality … with its
think it’s important we should enlarge our media through either arts or architecture. For example, you have the big brain around Forensic Architecture, Eyal Weizman. He’s using forensic architecture as evidence in court to show the links to actual crimes. We commissioned him to follow the sequence of the attack of the al-Hamidiah hospital in Syria in 2016. 9 It was very interesting to see how he uses the reconstruction of an event as forensicevidence, using the architectural approach. He also used it for the migration, using distress signals from the phones to trail