Urban transformation and public health in future cities
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos
) positions of rights discourse and highlight the limits of such framing. Indeed in the European Convention on HumanRights most convention rights are qualified and can be suspended when it is necessary in a democratic society for a legitimate purpose such as the prevention of crime, the economic wellbeing of society or – not insignificantly – the protection of public health. The boundaries of rights discourse, when there might be a ‘right not to have rights’ through such trade-offs between societal imperatives and humanrights, can be seen as powerfully articulated in
and mutual respect, thereby consecrating humanrights. Brazilian society, and particularly Carioca society, stands in its structure in stark contrast to that hoped for by humanists on the basis of ethical principles and fairness. This constitutive brutality exists not only between classes or between state bodies and the less privileged classes. It is also common within the individual classes.
These tragic levels of violence have become a major reference point that both unites and separates Cariocas (in this case, the interpretation applies to Brazilian society
Learning from communities in informal settlements in Durban, South
Maria Christina Georgiadou and Claudia Loggia
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Situating peripheries research in South Africa and Ethiopia
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( 2010 ). Raw life, new hope