organisations at that time was the Adam Institute for Democracy and Peace, founded in commemoration of the peace activist Emil Greenzweig, who was murdered in 1983 by a Jewish perpetrator during the course of a demonstration against the war in Lebanon. The aim of this association was to devise and implement educational projects whose purpose was to promote democracy and peace, an education in active citizenship, an awareness of equal humanrights, the prevention of violence and the resolution of conflicts in peaceful ways. 24 Use was made of workshops geared to a more adult
Attitudes towards subversive movements and violent organisations
circumscribed and, when enforced, the impairment of basic humanrights or arbitrary discrimination among citizens should be avoided. 5 This approach obligates the liberal democracy to confine its struggle against political violence to very narrow boundaries, a fact that does not necessarily coincide with empirical reality in many liberal democratic polities, let alone non-liberal democracies.
A consideration of the campaigns waged by democracies against violence and terrorism indicates that, in most cases, the governing body does in fact uphold the rule
democracy with an emphasis on humanrights and liberties) as well as problematic and disputable issues (a broad and critical discussion of the ethnic character of the Israeli democracy and the political expressions of the cleavages that cut across it). However, the policy taken up by the State of Israel in respect of civic studies suffered from a lack of consistency. On the one hand, steps were indeed taken to bring about a broad and genuine change in civics education with the aim of strengthening a democratic liberal perspective. On the other, the non-liberal constraints
knowing that this kind of law is designed to deny people their basic right to submit a list to Knesset in order to take part in democratic elections and to be elected, and after all this is one of the mainstays of humanrights in Israel. However, we nevertheless take upon ourselves the responsibility, knowingly and fully aware, because, despite the gravity of this law, its necessity prevails over its gravity. And as I have already noted, with open eyes we hold the view that there is cause for a number of constitutional dictates in the law books which will determine who