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Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

tribes that … follow their brute instincts without a second thought, while civilized nations … seek to humanize it’ ( Moynier, 1888 ). This goes to show that humanitarian principles, far from being a timeless good, are not immune to prevailing stereotypes or political power relationships. As a treaty aimed at an emblematic nineteenth-century battle was being signed, the conflicts and massacres of civil wars and imperial conquests were foreshadowing the twentieth century’s mechanised and industrialised total wars. Dunant himself anticipated the evolution of armed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction

enabling operations and facilitating access to populations to protecting the organisation from legal or reputational risks. All the contributions demonstrate that a reliance on international humanitarian law (IHL) and humanitarian principles to ensure the security of humanitarian teams and projects might well be unfounded. Rony Brauman offers his own historical perspective, challenging the idea of humanitarian exceptionalism and the protective function of IHL and principles. The last article exemplifies the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

, Rwanda and the entire Great Lakes region of Africa became particularly high-risk areas for aid workers. It was during the intervention in Somalia in 1992 that the interface between security, operational procedures and humanitarian principles became central for MdM. The political and security climate at the time confined NGOs to urban centres across Somalia, while the looting of humanitarian convoys by armed men on the main roads made regular aid delivery to the IDP (internally displaced person) camps difficult. Was armed protection necessary to ensure access to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

University Press ), pp. 372 – 90 . Paul , D. ( 1999 ), Protection in Practice: Field-Level Strategies for Protecting Civilians from Deliberate Harm . London : Relief and Rehabilitation Network, Overseas Development Institute . Schneiker , A. ( 2012 ), ‘ The Vulnerable Do‐Gooders: Security Strategies of German Aid Agencies ’, Disasters , 37 : 2 , 244 – 66 . doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7717.2012.01300.x . Singer , P. W. ( 2006 ), ‘ Humanitarian Principles, Private Military Agents: Implications of the Private Military Industry for the Humanitarian Community ’, Brown

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

would create such abject living conditions (akin to Agamben’s ‘bare life’: Gordon, 2018 ) that Palestinians would be forced to accept what Trump and his administration have denominated the ‘deal of the century’ ( Gordon, 2018 ; Wong, 2018 ). Far from being motivated by an ‘ethics of care’ to protect displaced and dispossessed people, or a quest to secure a democratically grounded ‘liberal peace’, this ‘great deal’ can be identified as a quintessentially neoliberal project. Driven neither by ethics nor humanitarian principles, this is an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs