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Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

the Red Cross (a position he held for thirty-six years), theorised about this distinction in the language of the time, writing that the organisation’s founding principles were the product of evangelical morality and civilisation. The humanitarian ideal was therefore ‘inaccessible to savage tribes that … follow their brute instincts without a second thought, while civilized nations … seek to humanize it’ ( Moynier, 1888 ). This goes to show that humanitarian principles

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

, in the contemporary policy discourse, the sense is prevalent that armed protection and humanitarian action are, as one influential policy document notes, ‘uneasy bedfellows’, given the possibility that such a posture can be incompatible with humanitarian principles, harm local perspectives of humanitarian organisations, logistically constrain flexibility, escalate tensions and bring forth ethical dilemmas surrounding paying for private security ( Humanitarian Practice Network, 2010 : 74). As these concerns indicate, the issues raised are not merely about principles

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

efficiency, terms arguably more expected in a business environment than the field of humanitarianism. This has resulted, maybe not so unexpectedly, in a state of affairs where the main focus of innovation in relation to humanitarian action has remained on technical fixes or the development of new products, rather than a broader conception that interrogates innovation in a more holistic way, related to overarching humanitarian principles, strategies and partnerships. This understanding of innovation as a fix was

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada and Róisín Read

trend to shift the use of risk management from enabling operations and facilitating access to populations to protecting the organisation from legal or reputational risks. All the contributions demonstrate that a reliance on international humanitarian law (IHL) and humanitarian principles to ensure the security of humanitarian teams and projects might well be unfounded. Rony Brauman offers his own historical perspective, challenging the idea of humanitarian exceptionalism and the protective function of IHL and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Planned Obsolescence of Medical Humanitarian Missions: An Interview with Tony Redmond, Professor and Practitioner of International Emergency Medicine and Co-founder of HCRI and UK-Med

it or because it really needs to be done. The humanitarian principles are based largely on just do it ; whereas there is another way of looking at it, where you can say, ‘Well, but what about the outcome?’ Given that resources are limited, and will always be limited, no matter what situation you find yourself in, choices need to be made. So, you should look at the consequences and the biggest impact of what you do. I think that is where innovation needs to happen

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

products and processes are being developed and rolled out in humanitarian contexts. Ethical attention is also required throughout their development and deployment to ensure that innovations support the ethical commitments of involved stakeholders, including humanitarian principles. Ethical humanitarian action requires responsiveness to the linguistic mediation of relationships and information sharing, and the potential for injustices linked to language. Notes 1 This research

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

on the periphery of conflicts to the heart of them. Yugoslavia, Chechnya, Rwanda and the entire Great Lakes region of Africa became particularly high-risk areas for aid workers. It was during the intervention in Somalia in 1992 that the interface between security, operational procedures and humanitarian principles became central for MdM. The political and security climate at the time confined NGOs to urban centres across Somalia, while the looting of humanitarian convoys

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

, 37 : 2 , 244 – 66 . doi: 10.1111/j.1467-7717.2012.01300.x . Singer , P. W. ( 2006 ), ‘ Humanitarian Principles, Private Military Agents: Implications of the Private Military Industry for the Humanitarian Community ’, Brown Journal of World Affairs , 13 : 1 , 105 – 22 . Slim , H. ( 2015 ), Humanitarian Ethics: A Guide to the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

would create such abject living conditions (akin to Agamben’s ‘bare life’: Gordon, 2018 ) that Palestinians would be forced to accept what Trump and his administration have denominated the ‘deal of the century’ ( Gordon, 2018 ; Wong, 2018 ). Far from being motivated by an ‘ethics of care’ to protect displaced and dispossessed people, or a quest to secure a democratically grounded ‘liberal peace’, this ‘great deal’ can be identified as a quintessentially neoliberal project. Driven neither by ethics nor humanitarian principles, this is an

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Fernando Espada

humanitarian agency headquarters present humanitarian principles and acceptance as inherently linked. The everyday practice of humanitarian staff on the ground is more reflective of the inevitability of having to find acceptable compromises to stay safe. A Hegel-inspired synthesis of headquarters thesis and field office antithesis could offer a possible solution to the ever-present tension of how to manage security within humanitarian organisations. In another contribution to this issue, Logan Cochrane’s ‘Synthesis of Evaluations in South Sudan: Lessons Learned for

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs