Open Access (free)
The imperial metropolis of Heart of Darkness
Laura Chrisman

with an invoice, there is nothing to suggest he ever gets paid: This lot of ivory now is really mine. The Company did not pay for it. I collected it myself at a very great personal risk. I am afraid they will try to claim it as theirs though. H’m. It is a difficult case. What do you think I ought to do – resist? Eh? I want no more than justice. (p. 144) Kurtz’s profitability, I am arguing, consists not only in the quantities of ivory he collects, but also in the idealism he peddles. As one of the new ‘gang of virtue’ he has been brought in over the heads of the

in Postcolonial contraventions
The tragedy (and comedy) of accelerated modernisation
Kieran Keohane and Carmen Kuhling

consumed eih ch-7.P65 129 26/3/03, 15:14 130 Keohane & Kuhling on the global market. Oscar Wilde famously said, ‘We are all in the gutter, but some of us are gazing at the stars’, by which he means that what distinguishes visionary leaders from the ordinary masses is idealism. The Irish pseudo-Faustian Developer is the inverse of this and represents the disparagement of idealism and the cynical debasement of action to the lowest common denominator. A prominent Irish culture industry Developer, Louis Walsh, exemplifies the thorough penetration of the commodity form

in The end of Irish history?
Open Access (free)
Laura Chrisman

strongly implicates not only the Belgian but also the British metropole in the atrocities of the Congo. Further scrutiny of Conrad’s reification theme additionally involves looking at how market values and reasoning inform idealism itself. The 1993 publication of Paul Gilroy’s The Black Atlantic was a landmark for metropolitan postcolonial studies.23 The book initiated an expressly anti-nationalist form of diasporic cultural studies. This opposed the ‘hybrid’ formation of black Atlanticism to the ‘essentialising’ ideology of Afrocentrism, and argued the category of

in Postcolonial contraventions
Laura Chrisman

constitutive indeterminacy whereby Spivak’s gestures towards historical particularity ambiguously affirm both a contingent materialism and an absolute idealism. European history happens to coincide with the hegemony of imperialism, such that the sum total of European history is inextricable from an imperialist trajectory that continues in overdetermined ways to control the conditions of contemporary cultural and intellectual production. At the same time, it seems, the designation ‘imperialism’ applies to the conditions of narrative, representation and knowledge production

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Managing overflow in science publishing
Sabina Siebert, Robert Insall and Laura M. Machesky

or to the magnitude already achieved: the bigger a thing, the faster it grows. Some of the consequences of this growth are still noticeable 50 years later: loss of personal contact among researchers in the same field, a lack of cohesion in scientific communities, development of ‘objective measurements’ of quality, and an erosion of idealism that resulted from economic and commercial pressures (Saltelli, Ravetz, and Funtowicz, 2016). For the Little Scientist, science was a vocation, de Solla Price contended; for the Big Scientist, it has become a career, albeit an

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Jeremy C.A. Smith

sciences. The perception of materiality had origins in scepticism, materialism and idealism in the Mediterranean’s antiquity. Another reference point, ancient kingship, embodies a nucleus of sacred and political power in the historical studies of civilisations that inform Eisenstadt’s theory. But treating the problem of political power in the modern world is a different matter and one that demands a wider span of imaginary reference points. On the whole, as Arnason has more recently argued, the problematic of power as constitutive of civilisations is neglected in

in Debating civilisations