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Laura Panizo

This article will investigate the process of confronting death in cases of the disappeared of the last military dictatorship in Argentina. Based on the exhumation and identification of the body of a disappeared person, the article will reflect on how the persons social situation can be reconfigured, causing structural changes within the family and other groups. This will be followed by a discussion of the reflections generated by the anthropologist during his or her interview process, as well as an investigation into the authors own experiences in the field. This intimate relationship between the anthropologist and death, through the inevitable contact that takes place among the bodies, causes resonances in the context both of exhumations and of identifications in the anthropologists wider fieldwork.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Why exhume? Why identify?
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

intrinsically connected themes: search and identification. However, the search for bodies or human remains, and before them, of mass or individual graves, where these exist, do not automatically lead to attempts at identification. Therefore we have to carefully distinguish between the two enterprises. Thus, in the case of exhumation of the victims of the Great Purge, conducted in Russia in an extremely limited capacity after the fall of the USSR, the discovery of mass graves and bones was not accompanied by forensic procedures for the identification of bodies, much less by

in Human remains and identification
José López Mazz

always the principal challenges for the identification of bodies. Analysed patterns of violence and the identification of corpses are both part of the same research process, which involves historic, genetic, archaeological, anthropological, and forensic approaches. This very accurate archaeological undertaking in Uruguay has managed to recover some of the remains of bodies buried between 1973 and 1982, later exhumed and destroyed between 1983 and 1985. The great challenge of the identification of bodies is, however, dependent on the scientific protocol to obtain DNA

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
The tales destruction tells
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

. This theme of the first phase of research, limited to the period during which the executioners dispose of the bodies (see below on the question of temporality), will continue through to the phases of our project concerned with the search for and identification of bodies and then with ‘reconciliation’, that is, political, social, or religious strategies aimed at inscribing the recovered bodies or human remains at the centre – or on the margin – of pacified societies. What, then, have been the specific objectives of our initial research? What do we think we have shown

in Destruction and human remains
The forensic and political lives of secondary mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Admir Jugo and Sari Wastell

. Crews, ‘From dust to dust: ethical and practical issues involved in the location, exhumation, and identification of bodies from mass graves’, Croatian Medical Journal, 44:3 (2003), 251–8 174   Admir Jugo and Sari Wastell Wright, R., ‘Report on Excavations and Exhumations at the Glogova 1 Mass Grave in 2000’, Report to ICTY, 9 February 2001 Yazedjian, L. & R. Kešetović, ‘The application of traditional anthropological methods in a DNA-led identification process’, in B. J. Adams & J. E. Byrd (eds), Recovery, Analysis, and Identification of Commingled Human Remains (New

in Human remains and identification
Challenges and technological solutions to the ­identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context
Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson

witnesses. Location of the mass grave will also be instrumental in determining the success of body recovery and identification. In their retrospective study of cases from Croatia, Šlaus et al. noted that the identification of bodies found in wells was significantly more difficult than those recovered from other contexts.16 122   Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson Experience has also shown that different bones within a single skeleton will degrade at differing rates, further compounding the identification and recovery of individuals.17 Ultimately, in the field, preservation

in Human remains and identification