Louisa Atkinson’s recasting of the Australian landscape
how IndigenousAustralians used them as food. 2 This example typifies Atkinson’s immersive and experiential interest in plant-life: she once sent a jar of ‘native cranberry’ jam to the Sydney Horticultural Society to allow its members to taste a fruit about which she had written. 3 She celebrated native plants and wildlife, learning about them from the Indigenous men and women she knew. She even attempted to introduce a ‘Native Arts’ column to the Illustrated Sydney News in the early 1850s that would deal with IndigenousAustralian culture. The feature ran
Wordlists, songs, and knowledge production on the colonial Australian
Empire. In Australia, James Cook’s Endeavour journals provide the first hundred or so Indigenous words collected, in the Guugu Yimidhirr language of Cape York Peninsula. Early attempts to learn Australian Indigenous languages tended to be undertaken by individuals marked by a personal curiosity and, often, close relationships with particular Indigenous individuals or groups. Yet because of the vast array and complexity of IndigenousAustralian languages – estimated to be over 300 in the precolonial period – the task was difficult; the work was local and inchoate
, the southern subtropical zone Coetzee appears to outline in actuality forms the most inhabited part of the hemisphere.) We notice, however, the extent to which this ‘one south’ defies expression, even for a writer as magisterially fluent as Coetzee. It can only be designated in so many unspecific phrases: ‘in a certain way … in a certain way … in a certain way’.
For IndigenousAustralian writer Alexis Wright in her phantasmagoric epic Carpentaria (2006), set in the Gulf country of north-western Queensland, the south is at times the place from which corrupt and
creatures, human and otherkind’ (1996: 9).
More recently, Anne Elvey has defined this term more inclusively to include
‘both those we understand as living (e.g., fleas, whales, and eucalypts) and
those we understand otherwise (e.g., glaciers, sand, and air)’ (2014: 36).
4 ‘Caring for country’ should not be confused with Western ecofeminist ‘ethics
of care’. It has a foundation in traditional ecological knowledge (‘Law’), rather
than sentiment (although IndigenousAustralians do evince a high degree of
Wellington, Mitchell made it a practice to name colonial sites after battle sites in Spain. 45 He also had a problematic relationship with IndigenousAustralians, which is commemorated in a controversial portrait, a silhouette lithograph by William Fernyhough ( Figure 3.6 ). 46
Figure 3.6 William Fernyhough, ‘Portrait of Sir Thomas Mitchell’, in Album of Portraits, Mainly of New South Wales Officials , lithograph, 1836
In this portrait, which echoes a famous silhouette of the Duke of Wellington, Mitchell is presented with a riding crop and spurs. Most
Race, class, and poetry in a South American colony
Jason Rudy, Aaron Bartlett, Lindsey O'Neil, and Justin Thompson
official ‘White Australia’ policy that would restrict Australian immigration through most of the twentieth century. Phil Griffiths notes that ‘politicians in Queensland railed against a “Chinese invasion”, fearing that their control over the minimally colonised north and over the process of colonisation was threatened’. 20
IndigenousAustralians were not as much of a concern for the Worker , but the editors nonetheless positioned them as impediments to land ownership. An editorial in the inaugural issue demands that the Australian government follow the example of some
Louisa Atkinson is also concerned with the relationship between settler acculturation, acclimatisation, and environmental adaptation. Focusing on Atkinson’s bushfire stories, the chapter argues that her depictions of fire-setting and fire-fighting are distinct from those of her contemporaries in that they seek to promote respect for the bush. In Atkinson’s stories the bushfire becomes an ‘emblem of settler discomfort’, while the forests subjected to land clearances by settlers frequently come to represent IndigenousAustralians in ways that point to the ‘deep