the most vulnerable and to prevent criminal activities by some individuals in the community, entire communities were deprived of rights that non-IndigenousAustralians take for granted.
The Intervention Act irregularised Indigenous people as Australian citizens, in a similar manner to how Roma have been irregularised as citizens in various European states. A few scholars have recognised the similarities between the Northern Territory Intervention and the so-called ‘nomad emergencies’ in Italy which occurred around the same time (Armillei and Lobo
marginalisation, from Roma in Europe to African Americans in the US and Indigenous people in other anglophone settler states. In recent years, scholarly research has highlighted the similarities between Indigenous people and Roma in Europe (see Armillei and Lobo ( 2017 ) and Taylor et al. ( 2018 ) on IndigenousAustralians and Roma, and Takacs ( 2017 ) on the over-representation of Roma and New Zealand Māori in prisons) as well as Roma and African Americans (Chang and Rucker-Chang, 2020 ). However, such a comparison from the perspective of citizenship studies is yet to be