The paradoxes of sustainability and Michel Houellebecq’s The
Possibility of an Island
a less natural lifestyle 199
over-consumption might require that individualrights and democratic
freedoms be substantially curtailed (Blühdorn 2011); famously, the Ehrlichs
declared their support for China’s coercive one-child policy (1990: 205).
Only an authoritarian state, it seemed, would be able to impose the necessary sacrifices on its citizens.
Like the discourse of sustainability, neo-Malthusianism is not merely
a set of descriptive statements or policy recommendations. It also touches
on our conceptions of the human and its relationship to the larger
Lesbian citizenship and filmmaking in Sweden in the 1970s
advocated from the points of view of both authoritative
regulation on the basis of what was beneficial for society and individualrights on the basis of helping people.
When the RFSL was founded in 1950, the organisation proposed a
slightly different view to the dominant medical classification of homosexuality as an illness. According to Andréaz Wasniowski (2007: 223), the RFSL
advocated an understanding of homosexuality as not essentially different
from heterosexuality, but as a matter of degree on a continuous scale. The
organisation’s goals included ‘humanitarian