Search results

Defending Cold War Canada

defence, immigrant training and citizenship courts. Such work continued the IODE’s mission for a British-influenced Canada. The IODE’s reaction to the Cold War reflected a forced reconsideration of Canadian identity. While the IODE promoted democratic principles of progressive conservatism, its methods and its attitude to Communists were influenced by an individualism and a politics more often associated

in Female imperialism and national identity
Open Access (free)
Pacifism and feminism in Victorian Britain

pacifist, and representing these women/peace connections as located in women’s reproductive role. The use of these ideas has significant implications for arguments of sexual difference, individualism versus relationalism, and maternalism in nineteenth-century 1 ‘ the truest form of patriotism ’ feminism.3 It can also demonstrate how feminism, in using such ideas of what was ‘natural’ to women, purported to speak for all women. It is therefore vital to illustrate the ways in which different feminist movements have utilised representations of the relationship between

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Open Access (free)
Consultation and conditions

their own affairs. Opponents of this liberal view maintained that precisely because of their individualism (their ‘analytic’ rather than ‘synthetic’ tendencies, as Mussolini might have put it), academics, once allowed to discuss questions of policy, would waste precious hours far better devoted to pursuing their own subjects. At best their debates would produce a series of muddled compromises, the result of talking till everyone agreed, which allowed no clear and forthright line to be pursued. Better, by far, to have a professor empowered to bang contending heads

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90

wondered. The first generations after 1810 were still influenced by impulses from the new educational centres, and he described the following decades as a happy period. ‘Never before and never since have German academics played a greater part in social life than between 1815 and 1866’, he wrote.87 Against this golden age, Ritter placed what he himself had experienced during the previous decades: anarchy, individualism, egotism. This decay did not, however, begin under the National Socialists but in the latter part of the Bismarck period.88 Two golden ages thus emerged in

in Humboldt and the modern German university
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing

indigenous populations of colonies, establishing small clinics and later hospitals and nurse-training, just as they ‘insinuated new forms of individualism, new regimes of value, new kinds of wealth, new means and relations of production, new religious practices and set in train processes of class formation’.19 Yet it should be noted that the missionaries working in many of the colonies were not necessarily from, nor answerable to the colonial country – for example, medical missions working in South Africa came not only from the UK and Holland but also from Germany, Norway

in Colonial caring

sale of 62,000 copies of his book in the English language, with more in translation, ‘I am ever more convinced that these principles are valid.’ 11 Furthermore, in 1938, Freud and his family moved from Vienna to London in order to escape persecution. Freud’s psychological take on instincts, society and individualism was becoming increasingly well known in Britain, in

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
Campaigns and causes

, who wanted results, and the ultra-Left, for whom the struggle was its own end, the effects and consequences being of secondary importance. James Richardson talks of the ‘amorphous and disorganised’ participation in activities and events of many students who were disinclined to subscribe to any coherent political programme. Libertarianism was a popular philosophy, for it seemed somehow to promise socialism without an intrusive State, individualism free of unbridled competition and market economics (a Libertarian float graced at least one Rag procession, but what it

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90

individual was employed that was based 90 priscilla peckover on the concept that the individual in question was in fact male. Yet Peckover’s ideas were also based on the gender neutrality of Quaker theology, in which the concept of the ‘Inner Light’ in human beings gave rise to the idea that individuals could overcome the imposition of gender restrictions. This individualism was of course problematic in that it took little account of class differences, and it is significant that Peckover put forward such ideas while the lower-middle-class Ellen Robinson, who is

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Open Access (free)

professionals themselves in creating managerial structures. Whilst undoubtedly aligned with projects to reduce state expenditure and ensure resource efficiency, healthcare governance also continues to be the product of negotiation between visions of how to manage the medical profession. 68 It should be stressed, moreover, that scholars over the past two decades have highlighted a range of ways in which doctors could ameliorate pressures for conformity. Into the present century, doctors appealed to traditional forms of therapeutic individualism – the idea that familiarity

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Customary society and oral culture in rural England, 1700–1900

[elite culture] said it was hateful and abominable, pure barbarism, it was time it was put a stop to; they could see all manner of evil in it, it was nothing but a ‘drunken, rowdy show; a public pest and a nuisance.’ 24 Unsympathetic accounts are written entirely from the perspective of formal institutions and official culture and are constructed from the records of the elites for whom the destruction of custom was a necessary step in the progress towards an all-consuming ideology of possessive individualism.25 Some anthropologists define the term ‘oral tradition’ as a

in The spoken word