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Learning from the case of Kosovo
Jenny H. Peterson

available to emerging armed groups in Kosovo. The armed groups buying weapons were the Kosovo Liberation Army (KLA) and the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kosovo (FARK) (Lani, 1999) though in the end it was the KLA that emerged as the dominant rebel group. Formed some time between 1992 and 1993, they were originally linked to the political movement the Kosovo People’s Movement (KPM) who had a leftist ideology, though this diminished in importance with time (Lani, 1999). Support for the KLA continued to grow throughout the mid-1990s and by 1997 violence between the KLA

in Building a peace economy?
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

majority of them don’t understand and aren’t familiar with our work or our problems.’ Former Libération journalist (now employed at Le Monde ) Christophe Ayad also brought up, in 2010, ‘the lack of journalism tools for covering humanitarian subjects’ and ticked off two types of knowledge that are generally lacking at media outlets: the ‘public health concepts’ and ‘technical knowledge on aid actors

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

’s Undeclared Operation to Stem Migration Across the Mediterranean ( London : Forensic Oceanography ). Human Rights Watch ( 2019 ), No Escape from Hell: EU Policies Contribute to Abuse of Migrants in Libya www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/eu0119_web2.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020). Joffrin , L. ( 2019 ), ‘ “Sea-Watch 3”: l’Antigone de Kiel ’, Liberation 1 July , www.liberation.fr/politiques/2019/07/01/sea-watch-3-l-antigone-de-kiel_1737311 (accessed 19 April 2020). Kailouli , N. and Schreijäg , J. ( 2019 ), Seawatch3 [television

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

operate ‘mobile clinics’ to provide healthcare to rural areas. North Kivu has been at the centre of violence in the DRC since the L’Alliance des forces démocratiques pour la libération du Congo (AFDL) invasion in 1996, during the second war between 1998 and 2003 when the province was controlled by the Le Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie (RCD), the Congrès national pour la défense du people (CNDP) conflict from 2004 to 2009 when the zone was divided between different warring groups, and the Mouvement du 23 mars (M23) conflict which played out from

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Brad Evans

understand why the masses can elect oppression as though it were liberation. Violence can be seductive, and it can also be psychologically purifying, especially for those who have long been subjugated by it. But more often, those who justify violence do not put themselves on the side of death. However deluded and deceptive, only the most bizarre suicidal cults can be explained in the terms Freud explained. From fascism to liberalism (the two never so distant), al-Qaeda to Assad, ISIS to Israel, what marks out claims to violence is precisely the idea that a better world

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

. ( 2018 ), ‘Injury and Death during the ISIS Occupation of Mosul and Its Liberation: Results from a 40-Cluster Household Survey’ , Lafta Riyadh , Al-Nuaimi Maha A. , Burnham Gilbert , PLOS Medicine , 15 : 5 , doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002567 . Moynier

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

of civil war in Sudan and six years after the Sudanese government in Khartoum and the main rebel movement of South Sudan, the Sudan People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M), signed the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). MSF had been involved in the Sudanese conflict since 1983. Most MSF sections had remained throughout the CPA process, and health activities were ongoing at the time of independence. In November 2012, MSF-H released a report entitled South Sudan

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

Holocaust comparisons. This rhetoric and the visual connections were of vital importance. Right from the start, when these images began arriving in Western publics, published in mass media outlets, they were read with references to what we – at least now – call the Holocaust. In the period, something that may be dubbed ‘Holocaust memory’ was beginning to form. Already then, the images of the liberation of the camps from 1945, taken by soldiers or photographers that accompanied

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Robbie Shilliam

? That is our flag. No hammer and sickle. The red flag of Africa. This year is the year of salvation and of our liberation. We heard the district commissioner say that we had an extraordinary idea of the relationship between Britain and Abyssinia. They can't fool us. We know that even the Governor is shook up. He worries that our mind has been most powerfully affected

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
La gauche de la gauche
Jim Wolfreys

factors, in a context of rising inequalities and scepticism about the Socialists’ commitment to reform, help to explain what has given rise to the emergence of the autonomous groups and associations which make up the ‘social movement’, to which we now turn. The ‘social movement’ The literature on social movements generally stresses their emergence in two waves, the post-1968 liberation movements (gays, women, immigrant workers, ecologists) and the post-1981 movements typified by SOS Racisme. New social movements in general, the argument runs, are linked to the decline

in The French party system