majority of them don’t
understand and aren’t familiar with our work or our problems.’
Former Libération journalist (now employed at
Le Monde ) Christophe Ayad also brought up, in 2010,
‘the lack of journalism tools for covering humanitarian
subjects’ and ticked off two types of knowledge that are generally
lacking at media outlets: the ‘public health concepts’ and
‘technical knowledge on aid actors
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
’s Undeclared Operation to Stem Migration Across the Mediterranean ( London : Forensic Oceanography ).
Human Rights Watch
( 2019 ), No Escape from Hell: EU Policies Contribute to Abuse of Migrants in Libya
www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/report_pdf/eu0119_web2.pdf (accessed 19 April 2020).
Joffrin , L. ( 2019 ), ‘ “Sea-Watch 3”: l’Antigone de Kiel ’, Liberation
1 July , www.liberation.fr/politiques/2019/07/01/sea-watch-3-l-antigone-de-kiel_1737311 (accessed 19 April 2020).
Kailouli , N. and Schreijäg , J. ( 2019 ),
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
operate ‘mobile clinics’ to provide healthcare to rural areas.
North Kivu has been at the centre of violence in the DRC since the L’Alliance des forces démocratiques pour la libération du Congo (AFDL) invasion in 1996, during the second war between 1998 and 2003 when the province was controlled by the Le Rassemblement congolais pour la démocratie (RCD), the Congrès national pour la défense du people (CNDP) conflict from 2004 to 2009 when the zone was divided between different warring groups, and the Mouvement du 23 mars (M23) conflict which played out from
understand why the masses can elect oppression as though it were liberation. Violence can be seductive, and it can also be psychologically purifying, especially for those who have long been subjugated by it. But more often, those who justify violence do not put themselves on the side of death. However deluded and deceptive, only the most bizarre suicidal cults can be explained in the terms Freud explained.
From fascism to liberalism (the two never so distant), al-Qaeda to Assad, ISIS to Israel, what marks out claims to violence is precisely the idea that a better world
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian
( 2018 ), ‘Injury and Death
during the ISIS Occupation of Mosul and Its Liberation: Results from a
40-Cluster Household Survey’ , Lafta
Maha A. ,
PLOS Medicine , 15 : 5 , doi:
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South
Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper
of civil war in Sudan and six years after the Sudanese
government in Khartoum and the main rebel movement of South Sudan, the Sudan
People’s Liberation Army/Movement (SPLA/M), signed the Comprehensive Peace
Agreement (CPA). MSF had been involved in the Sudanese conflict since 1983. Most MSF
sections had remained throughout the CPA process, and health activities were ongoing
at the time of independence. In November 2012, MSF-H released a report entitled
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe
This rhetoric and the visual connections were of vital importance. Right from the
start, when these images began arriving in Western publics, published in mass media
outlets, they were read with references to what we – at least now –
call the Holocaust. In the period, something that may be dubbed ‘Holocaust
memory’ was beginning to form. Already then, the images of the liberation of
the camps from 1945, taken by soldiers or photographers that accompanied
The situation changed again as from the mid-1980s. The eruption of the Iran–Iraq War and the ensuing fall of oil prices, resulted in a diminishing of Arab purchasing power. The waning of the cold war brought about the opening of market opportunities for Turkish goods in Eastern Europe and Asia. The eruption of the Partiya Karkeran Kurdistan (PKK) uprising in 1984 was attributed by Turkey to the support of Syria and the Palestine Liberation Organizaton (PLO). Also, Ankara did not like the connection that Yasser Arafat found between the Iraqi eviction from Kuwait in
other spheres where the two countries differ in terms of their perception and response to events. Take, for example, the 1919–22 war. In Turkey, the war, which replaced the old Ottoman-Islamic loyalties with a new national consciousness, is seen as a war of liberation and patriotic resurgence. 4 In Greece, it is regarded as the greatest tragedy of modern times, a disaster, which wiped out 2000 years of Greek presence in Asia Minor. Yet, it is incontestable that the war also inspired Greek unity. Previously, in the absence of common shared experiences, such as a
Economist , “Survey Turkey”, 8 June 1996.
60 Ha’aretz , 12 January 2001. On 8 October 1997 the US Administration designated thirty foreign groups as being “Terrorist Organizations.” Among them the Algerian Armed Islamic Group (GIA), the Lebanese Hizbullah, the Egyptian Gamaat Al-Islamiya, the Egyptian Al-Jihad, the Jewish organization Kach, the Jewish organization Kahane Chai, the Iranian Mujahideen E-Khalk, the Turkish Kurd PKK, the Turkish Revolutionary People’s Liberation Party/Front (DHKP/C), the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, and seven