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Helen Jarvis

The Khmer Rouge forbade the conduct of any funeral rites at the time of the death of the estimated two million people who perished during their rule (1975–79). Since then, however, memorials have been erected and commemorative ceremonies performed, both public and private, especially at former execution sites, known widely as the killing fields. The physical remains themselves, as well as images of skulls and the haunting photographs of prisoners destined for execution, have come to serve as iconic representations of that tragic period in Cambodian history and have been deployed in contested interpretations of the regime and its overthrow.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Contested narratives of the independence struggle in postconfl ict Timor-Leste
Henri Myrttinen

casualties during the independence struggle, their memorialisation has received less official attention than that of the members of the Falintil force. Of the civilian dead, the ones who receive the most attention in the official calendar are the more than 200 killed in the Santa Cruz cemetery massacre on 12 November 1991. As they were Claiming the dead, defining the nation 101 mostly young members of the civilian clandestine front, the anniversary of the massacre is commemorated as ‘Youth Day’ in the country and candles are lit not only for those killed in the massacre

in Governing the dead