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Open Access (free)
Anarchist theory and practice in a global age

This book attempts to convey the different sociological contexts for how contemporary anarchist theory and practice is to be understood. It concentrates on the issue of broadening the parameters of how anarchist theory and practice is conceptualized. The book compares the major philosophical differences and strategies between the classical period (what Dave Morland calls 'social anarchism') and the contemporary anti-capitalist movements which he regards as being poststructuralist in nature. It also documents the emergence of the now highly influential anti-technological and anti-civilisational strand in anarchist thought. This offers something of a challenge to anarchism as a political philosophy of the Enlightenment, as well as to other contemporary versions of ecological anarchism and, to some extent, anarcho-communism. The book further provides a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on sexuality, education, addiction and mental health aspects of socialisation and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. The fact that anarchism has largely premised its critique on a psychological dimension to power relations, not just a material one, has been an advantage in this respect. Ecological anarchism, which has been the driving force behind much contemporary anarchist theory and practice, has been committed to thinking about the relationships between people and 'nature' in new ways.

Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

, 2019 ). This concealment has legal, medical, mental health and other implications for survivors. It also bolsters the misconception that men are violated only when they are completely powerless (i.e. as captives) and may result in differential treatment in legal contexts ( Sellers, 2007 ). Misconception 2: The Most Common Form of Conflict-Related Sexual Violence against Men and Boys Is Anal Rape Among humanitarian aid workers and health providers, sexual

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

. Therefore, transforming cultural values and practices, including gender norms and inequalities, is inevitable in the pursuit of spreading humanitarianism’s own culture. Nonetheless, humanitarianism is also a culture fraught with patriarchal values and practices, such as a hypermasculine working culture that may hinder the professional and personal lives of women working in the sector ( Roth, 2015 : 111–27), negatively impact the mental

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

identified by social workers’ Selection criteria: no men aged 19–60 female-headed households over-60s 1994 Change: stopped mental health programmes Reason given: mental health programmes no longer considered beneficial since they are ‘clinical rather than community-based’ 1995 Change: stopped supplementary feeding programmes To

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matthew Hunt, Sharon O’Brien, Patrick Cadwell, and Dónal P. O’Mathúna

with conflict-affected groups on the nuances of key concepts (for instance around protection or mental health), and important technical distinctions (e.g. between categories of explosive remnants of war, each requiring specific safe behaviors from civilians). ( TWB, 2017a ) Overcoming language barriers is more difficult for people who speak so-called ‘low-resource languages’ (e.g. Quechua). 6 Trained translators with the requisite language

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

Rights, 2020b ; Médecins Sans Frontières, 2016d ). As a result, the health of Madaya’s residents deteriorated with the emergence of communicable diseases, mental health issues and malnutrition. In December 2016, SNHR reported that the GoS targeted the last medical point in the town ( Syrian Network for Human Rights, 2016 ). MSF reported on 7 January 2016 that 23 people, including 6 babies under one year old, had died of starvation with an estimated 320 cases of malnutrition ( Médecins Sans Frontières, 2016d ). The city was also subjected to bombardments and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
James Bowen and Jonathan Purkis

Part 1I Doing The following four chapters provide a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on aspects of socialisation – sexuality, education, addiction and mental health – and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. Each of the contributors comes from a specialist professional or activist background (rather than an established academic one), and to varying degrees the chapters bear out points made in Part I, ‘Thinking’ regarding

in Changing anarchism
Joanna Gore

concern here, however, is with the similarities between the institutions of school and mental health. Schools serve as the gateways to the outside adult world, a place where children learn and become ‘civilised’, that is to say, culturally and socially adept. Schools deliver a complex network of control exercised through hierarchical, disciplinary and educational structures in an attempt to make children conform to adult ideas of ‘ideal’ or ‘normal’ person. The mental health system is a gateway through which one who has diverged from the ‘normal’ can enter ‘ill’ and re

in Changing anarchism
Health and social welfare of disadvantaged families in Brighton and Hastings
Kim Aumann and Angie Hart

families. Community partners and university-based partners have made significant contributions to conferences, journal articles, books and policy fora. In terms of summing up, Aumann and Hart note that: 173 MUP_Hall.indd 173 30/07/2013 17:16 case studies There have been policy changes at the university level in the form of increasing recognition of (through impact assessment), and support for, community–university partnerships. At the local level RT has been accepted into the mental health and child development training programmes. At a national level, the value of a

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

being placed on local authority finances. This meant that community health services had to be reduced. The most notorious example was the so-called care in the community scheme. This policy closed down many of the mental hospitals which were dealing with patients who had long-term, low-level mental health problems. They were transferred into community hostels or even into private accommodation. This much cheaper solution saved money and, it was claimed, provided better conditions for the mentally ill. However, many mental health interest groups did not agree and many

in Understanding British and European political issues