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From the Global to the Local

and Operations Priorities made by UNRWA’ Year Operational change implemented Further information on the change 1982 Change: food and relief no longer provided to all registered refugees Beneficiaries: relief only provided to ‘special hardship cases identified by social workers’ Selection criteria: no men aged 19–60 female-headed households over-60s 1994 Change: stopped mental health programmes Reason given: mental health programmes no longer considered beneficial since they are ‘clinical rather than

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Anarchist theory and practice in a global age

This book attempts to convey the different sociological contexts for how contemporary anarchist theory and practice is to be understood. It concentrates on the issue of broadening the parameters of how anarchist theory and practice is conceptualized. The book compares the major philosophical differences and strategies between the classical period (what Dave Morland calls 'social anarchism') and the contemporary anti-capitalist movements which he regards as being poststructuralist in nature. It also documents the emergence of the now highly influential anti-technological and anti-civilisational strand in anarchist thought. This offers something of a challenge to anarchism as a political philosophy of the Enlightenment, as well as to other contemporary versions of ecological anarchism and, to some extent, anarcho-communism. The book further provides a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on sexuality, education, addiction and mental health aspects of socialisation and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. The fact that anarchism has largely premised its critique on a psychological dimension to power relations, not just a material one, has been an advantage in this respect. Ecological anarchism, which has been the driving force behind much contemporary anarchist theory and practice, has been committed to thinking about the relationships between people and 'nature' in new ways.

Open Access (free)

Part 1I Doing The following four chapters provide a snapshot of a number of debates and critical positions which inform contemporary anarchist practice. The specific areas covered offer unique perspectives on aspects of socialisation – sexuality, education, addiction and mental health – and how this can be challenged at a number of different levels. Each of the contributors comes from a specialist professional or activist background (rather than an established academic one), and to varying degrees the chapters bear out points made in Part I, ‘Thinking’ regarding

in Changing anarchism

concern here, however, is with the similarities between the institutions of school and mental health. Schools serve as the gateways to the outside adult world, a place where children learn and become ‘civilised’, that is to say, culturally and socially adept. Schools deliver a complex network of control exercised through hierarchical, disciplinary and educational structures in an attempt to make children conform to adult ideas of ‘ideal’ or ‘normal’ person. The mental health system is a gateway through which one who has diverged from the ‘normal’ can enter ‘ill’ and re

in Changing anarchism
Health and social welfare of disadvantaged families in Brighton and Hastings

families. Community partners and university-based partners have made significant contributions to conferences, journal articles, books and policy fora. In terms of summing up, Aumann and Hart note that: 173 MUP_Hall.indd 173 30/07/2013 17:16 case studies There have been policy changes at the university level in the form of increasing recognition of (through impact assessment), and support for, community–university partnerships. At the local level RT has been accepted into the mental health and child development training programmes. At a national level, the value of a

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Open Access (free)

being placed on local authority finances. This meant that community health services had to be reduced. The most notorious example was the so-called care in the community scheme. This policy closed down many of the mental hospitals which were dealing with patients who had long-term, low-level mental health problems. They were transferred into community hostels or even into private accommodation. This much cheaper solution saved money and, it was claimed, provided better conditions for the mentally ill. However, many mental health interest groups did not agree and many

in Understanding British and European political issues
A global perspective

. Bouncing Back is a CUPP partnership project that aims to address the complexities of disadvantaged children and families through resilience therapy (RT). RT ‘focuses on ‘“scaffolding” resilience for these children through the imaginative and creative therapeutic work of resilient promoters such as mental health practitioners, social workers, teachers 96 MUP_Hall.indd 96 30/07/2013 17:16 measuring the impact of community-university partnerships and parents … applying RT involves a relentless search for resilient actions that improve the outcomes in situations of high

in Knowledge, democracy and action

public policies of enforced sterilisation that have affected potentially hundreds of thousands of people due to their race, ethnicity, gender or mental health status. However, in public perceptions of evolutionary science these societal issues clearly do (rightly) count, and will most likely 4 See www.independent.co.uk/news/science/fury-at-dna-pioneers-theory-africans-areless-intelligent-than-westerners-394898.html. Re-examining ‘creationist’ monsters 273 for some individuals, groups or communities play a role in the way in which people might perceive evolutionary

in Science and the politics of openness
Science shops and policy development

questions (such as, for example, the issue of local air quality) were the key elements of this EC call. The call was widely publicized by the network and a total of twenty-seven eligible applications were received, indicating the strength and diversity of the science shop movement, with four projects eventually being funded. These dealt with health effects of noise from wind turbines; cycling and air pollution; optimizing public transport for the elderly; and mental health care for immigrant communities. Even where these applications were unsuccessful, productive networks

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Open Access (free)
Rethinking anarchist strategies

sometimes enormously. Interestingly, whilst social scientists are more receptive to the idea that radical change occurs during periods of rising expectations rather than increased immiseration, there is still largely a failure to acknowledge the possibility of fluctuating states of mental health and psychological preparedness to instigate social change on a micro-sociological level. All of these factors need to be considered in the light of the vast differences that exist within communities. Indeed, understanding the socio-psychological identity of a community is an

in Changing anarchism