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Understanding the violence of the benevolent welfare state in Norway
Nerina Weiss

’ (Bourdieu, 2000, p. 228). Where the one who is made to wait is forced into submission, the powerful is the one ‘who does not wait but who makes others wait’. Therefore, ‘absolute power is the power to make oneself unpredictable and deny other people any reasonable anticipation, to place them in total uncertainty by offering no scope to their capacity to predict’ (Bourdieu, 2000, p. 228). Prolonged insecurity, as waiting in the asylum system entails, may severely impact mental health, and researchers and migrants alike refer to this prolonged insecurity as psychological

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe

Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Hannah Jones, Yasmin Gunaratnam, Gargi Bhattacharyya, William Davies, Sukhwant Dhaliwal, Emma Jackson, and Roiyah Saltus

elsewhere was ignored (see also Haylett, 2001 ). We also heard how assumptions about migrants being morally unsound could be a part of institutional decisions. In the following extract, John, a Birmingham migrant rights advocate, talks about the culture of disbelief within the asylum system and social care responses to asylum seekers and refugees, by describing his struggle to get a mental health assessment for an Iranian asylum seeker who was

in Go home?
Open Access (free)
Conceptual and ethodological challenges for comparative analysis
Agnieszka Piasna, Brendan Burchell, Kirsten Sehnbruch, and Nurjk Agloni

benefits for mental health’, Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 68:11, 806–12. Cattell, R. B. (1957), Personality and motivation structure and measurement (World Book Co.). Comin F. and Teschl, M. (2005), ‘Adaptive preferences and capabilities: Some preliminary conceptual explorations’, Review of Social Economy, 63:2, 229–47. Costa Jr, P. T. and McCrae, R. R. (1992), ‘Four ways five factors are basic’, Personality and Individual differences, 13:6, 653–65. Davis, L. E. (1977), ‘Enhancing the quality of working life’, International Labour Review, 116:1, 53. Digman, J

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

to poverty and deprivation. These disadvantages persist through schooling: ‘lower family socioeconomic position is an important predictor of lower levels of educational attainment’ (Pickett and Vanderbloemen 2015: 4). The causal links between socioeconomic inequality and unequal educational outcomes are complex and multiple and include distribution of mental health problems, job security and debt which impact on parenting styles and consistency as well as the provision of good housing and nutrition. These factors also have an impact on parental ability to support

in All in the mix
Curse or blessing?
Simona Giordano

NCDs listed in 1998 were (WHO 1998a: 14): • cardiovascular diseases; • hypertension; • stroke; • diabetes; • cancer; • chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; • musculoskeletal conditions (such as arthritis and osteoporosis); • mental health conditions (mostly dementia and depression); • blindness and visual impairment. In 2002 the WHO again reported that NCDs may be significant and costly causes of disability and reduced quality of life (WHO 2002a: 34), and can be expensive to treat and long-lasting (WHO 2002b). More recent research, however, amends the picture

in The freedom of scientific research
Open Access (free)
Everyday trajectories of activism
Hilary Pilkington

producing leaflets that could be put through letterboxes locally. Lisa does not work due to long-term mental health issues. She lives with her partner who encouraged her to join the EDL to ‘channel the anger’ that she was experiencing but whose own job in the public sector prevented her having any personal association with the movement. Paths into the EDL Explanations of receptivity to far right extremism at the individual level have sought to identify vulnerable personality ‘types’. Theories of a fascist personality type, first found in the work of Reich and Fromm and

in Loud and proud
Open Access (free)
Young Palestinian men encountering a Swedish introductory programme for refugees
Nina Gren

absence. In his own words, his encounter with this first caseworker was a total collision with Swedish bureaucracy. He felt that she cared about his mental health but at the same time she neither understood what he was going through nor shared his priorities. Her caring for his health stayed within the confines of medicalised understandings that did not necessarily extend to seeing the need for Rashid to pursue activities that are meaningful to him but may contradict the action plan. Rashid explains this lack of understanding in ethnic terms: this caseworker is an

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
A critical assessment of work effort in Britain in comparison to Europe
Alan Felstead and Francis Green

and Society, 18:3, 531–49. 206 Making work more equal Davies, S. C. (2014), Annual Report of the Chief Medical Officer 2013, Public Mental Health Priorities: Investing in the Evidence (London: Department of Health). de Jong, T., Wiezer, N., de Weerd, M., Nielsen, K., Mattila-Holappa, P. and Mockałło, Z. (2016), ‘The impact of restructuring on employee wellbeing: a systematic review of longitudinal studies’, Work and Stress, 30:1, 91–114. Eurofound (2012), Trends in Job Quality in Europe (Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union). Eurofound (2015

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Bridget Byrne and Carla De Tona

positive effect on physical and mental health of living in an area of ethnic density, for example Bécares et al. 2012. 15 See Byrne (2014a) for discussions of migrant experiences of racism and the development of understanding of geographies of racism. 16 See also Byrne (2006a). 69

in All in the mix