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Bonnie Evans

Disrupting the welfare state’s ‘bonds of love’ If the Children Act 1948 and the publication in 1955 of the Underwood Report of the Committee on Maladjusted Children were significant moments in the formation of government policy towards children based on the Tavistock Model of Human Relationships, then the Mental Health Act 1959, the 1970 Local

in The metamorphosis of autism
Bonnie Evans

outcomes’. Such an approach has had support from Bakare in Nigeria and in other locations where professionals face many economic challenges in establishing effective networks of care and education for children with an autism diagnosis. 126 The approach is also supported by the WHO’s Mental Health Gap Action Programme, which provides guidance to developing countries on how to deal with

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
Coreen Anne McGuire

’ is doubted. This phenomenon has been explored in relation to healthcare conditions that might specifically reduce credibility, such as chronic fatigue and mental health illnesses. 107 Like invisible disability, the difficulty of securing a trusted instrumental diagnosis exacerbates epistemic injustice. More recently, it has been argued that there are distinctive features of disabled life that promote a specific kind of epistemic injustice. 108 As Barnes points out in relation to disbelief, ‘we ought to take disabled people as very good sources of evidence about

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Coreen Anne McGuire

help the deafened. It was established partly to ensure that the deaf were not classified as mentally defective under the Mental Health Act of 1913, and partly in reaction to the drop-off in employment of deaf workers that had followed the National Insurance Act of 1911. 39 The Bureau was renamed the National Institute for the Deaf in 1924 and was granted the prefix ‘Royal’ in 1961. 40 Its work was supplemented during wartime by the National Benevolent Society, which was expressly established in 1918 to meet the needs of deafened ex-service men. The society

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Bonnie Evans

life In order to effect a major shift in the meaning of autism, there also had to be a major shift in the organisation of social life. Such a transformation began in 1959. This was the year in which the Mental Health Act was passed, which led to the closure of long-stay institutions for children. It was the Mental Health Act 1959 that set the scene for the gradual

in The metamorphosis of autism
Bonnie Evans

about the way to collect and employ scientific data when making claims about children’s early development. As discussed in Chapter 1 , the first autism was adopted into psychological theory in Britain primarily via major mental health institutions, child guidance clinics and progressive and permissive schools. It was not integrated via the

in The metamorphosis of autism
Bonnie Evans

was particularly evident was the field of mental health. Inside the walls of long-stay mental health institutions, optimism was growing over the possibility of new treatments for schizophrenia and psychosis in adults, following the wide-scale implementation of electroconvulsive therapy and the first trials of drugs such as chlorpromazine. This promised revolutions in the asylum

in The metamorphosis of autism
Open Access (free)
Balancing the self in the twentieth century
Mark Jackson and Martin D. Moore

, when Sigmund Freud emphasised the instinctive drive to maintain psychological stability, working through personal crises in order to balance and integrate competing facets of personality became a feature of psychological approaches to restoring emotional well-being, particularly at key transition points in the life course. 28 After the Second World War, clinical and pharmaceutical interest in the biochemical determinants of mental health led to the development and increasing consumption of antidepressants, which were

in Balancing the self
Open Access (free)
Perceiving, describing and modelling child development
Bonnie Evans

-specific’ legislation to be passed in the UK, demonstrating the significance of the autism diagnosis to reframing approaches to mental health care, social welfare provision and individual rights in the UK. In 2013, EU Aims, a major initiative to develop new treatments for autism, received the largest grant for any mental health problem in the whole of Europe, revealing the cultural capital and potential for revenue

in The metamorphosis of autism
Ian Kennedy, oversight and accountability in the 1980s
Duncan Wilson

the Mental Health Act.44 In his 1977 documentary The Check-Out, Kennedy asserted that euthanasia was ‘a matter on which not just doctors or lawyers, but all of us, must have our say and our way’. The only way to ensure this, he concluded, was to give ‘all interested parties’ a role in the development of regulatory codes.45 Although the subject matter of Kennedy’s documentaries varied, his underlying message remained the same. A British Medical Journal review of the 1978 programme The Defect, which debated screening for spina bifida during pregnancy, noted that

in The making of British bioethics