Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

’. Indeed, the very term has its roots in the Latin nasci , ‘to be born’, and can be seen when expressed in the terms ‘Motherland’ or ‘Fatherland’. Germans talk of their ‘Fatherland’, Russians of their ‘Motherland’ and the British, cosily and curiously, of their ‘Homeland’. A sense of nationhood is clearly associated with loyalty to the nation, the largest political community from

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Amikam Nachmani

Ciller herself cooperated with Erbakan just to stop the Welfare Party’s investigations against her being allegedly involved in huge financial vice. 79 Mesut Yilmaz’s minority government replaced that of Erbakan. Yilmaz captured the leadership of his Motherland Party in 1991 and 1997 was in his third stint as Prime Minister (two months in 1991, three in 1996). His government consisted of the Motherland Party, of Bulent Ecevit’s center-left Democratic Left Party, and defectors from the True Path Party. For its majority in parliamentary votes, the

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Open Access (free)
Alex J. Bellamy

construction of a national past is a construction of history of a particular kind; it is one that claims moral attachments to specific territories, MUP_Bellamy_03_Ch2 20 9/3/03, 9:20 R-   21 motherlands or homelands, and posits time-honored links between people, polity and territory’.4 Much of Malkki’s study is concerned with the experiences of refugees in Tanzania and how two groups in particular mediated their problematic position in the ‘national order of things’. By referring to the ‘national order of things’, Malkki suggested that something that

in The formation of Croatian national identity
New stories on rafted ice
Elana Wilson Rowe

became gradually more incorporated into the new ‘motherlands’ growing up on both sides of the Bering Sea, the travel and interconnection continued across the 2.4-​mile separation. The schoolteacher on Little Diomede recorded 178 people visiting in a six-​month period during 1944 (Alaskaweb, 2015). However, as the uneasy alliance of the Soviet Union and the United States grew chillier after the end of the Second World War, and eventually cooled into the strategic stand-​off of the Cold War, these longstanding connections and visits ceased, and travel between the islands

in Arctic governance
Olga Vassilieva

group’ that, in turn, fuelled inter-ethnic conflicts all over the Caucasus as several ethnic groups considered the same territory to be their ‘ethnic motherland’. However, together with the development of competitive ethno-national movements, different coalitions of these movements have also been created in the Caucasus: (1) at the republic level, for the purposes of settling inter-ethnic conflicts (the Congress of Dagestani Peoples) and/or to coordinate the activity of the opposition to communist leaderships in the North Caucasian republics; (2) at the regional (North

in Potentials of disorder
Amikam Nachmani

The fiercest opposition to Ozal’s policies came from within his own camp. The Generals in his entourage feared that his violently anti-Saddam rhetoric would ultimately set off a war with Iraq. They were concerned lest the Turkish army’s antiquated armaments would not stand up to the Iraqis’ combat experience and modern weaponry. Ozal’s Foreign Ministry complained that when the crisis came to an end, coalition forces would vacate the region, leaving Turkey alone to confront Iraq. Opposition also came from conservative circles within his Motherland Party who sought to

in Turkey: facing a new millennium
Geir Hønneland and Anne-Kristin Jørgensen

the Oblast Committee of the Communist Party and former Chairman of the Oblast Soviet (1990–93). Yevdokimov’s political platform was the Congress of Russian Communities, the party for which General Aleksandr Lebed had ran in the duma elections in 1995, and his candidacy was supported by Lebed’s new Honour and Motherland movement. Yevdokimov has later been associated with the Fatherland movement of Moscow’s Mayor Yuriy Luzhkov and threw his support behind Putin after he had been installed as Acting President.37 In the following elections in March 2000, Yevdokimov was

in Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia