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Stuart Kaufman

as historical enemies, Armenian national consciousness – and their national conflict with the Turks – dates only to the 1890–1915 period, when the Armenian national ‘awakening’ led to several rounds of ethnic violence between Armenians and Turks (including Azerbaijani Turks), culminating in the 1915 genocide.15 Such hostile myths are, however, more common than ethnic violence. If severe violence is to occur, hostile ethnic myths must be activated by some threat that leads members of at least one group to fear ethnic extinction. Thus the problem that set Yugoslavia

in Limiting institutions?
Water scarcity, the 1980s’ Palestinian uprising and implications for peace
Jeffrey Sosland

between developing countries. Slow development and modernization, weak government and ethnic conflicts create instability within these states. Deep-seated ethnic, political, economic and regional animosities can drive intra-national conflicts. Furthermore, intra-state water conflict may result from unequal social distribution of water, from relocation of large numbers of people due to the construction of dams

in Redefining security in the Middle East