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Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

nationalism as distinct from Russian nationalism. With the weakening of totalitarian controls under Gorbachev the suppressed nationalisms within the USSR helped break it up into nation-states. This process of disintegration has not ended there. National conflicts have exploded in Georgia, Armenia and the Chechnya region of Russia. Nationalist tensions were already present in the new nations of the post-Soviet states, where large Russian minorities

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Open Access (free)
Conceptual links to institutional machineries
Kathleen Staudt

‘policy dialogues’ (Bangura, 1997:8–17). Three are relevant, listed from the most to least hegemonic: • Technocracy, especially the neo-liberal economic model, which vests authority in government technocrats and international finance experts who reduce deficits and inflation, open markets, and promote competition and efficiency. • Corporatism, the ‘historic class compromise’ which manages national conflict through bringing organized interests into policy making. • Global sustainable pluralism, inspired by UNDP HDR thinking about development as equitable, gender balanced

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
Analysing two arenas over time
Wolfgang Wessels, Andreas Maurer, and Jürgen Mittag

governmental interests with regard to European integration policy projects. Thus, we also look at the questions: since ‘Maastricht’, and in comparison to the pre-Maastricht era, what are the main policy areas of the Member States? Which European topics are discussed in national debates? Is there any evidence to suggest that major political events or national conflicts – such as national elections, changes in government, etc. – produce important changes in the tone or style of EU policy-making at the national level? National adaptation: structures and procedures for European

in Fifteen into one?
The organisation of war-escalation in the Krajina region of Croatia 1990–91
Hannes Grandits and Carolin Leutloff

the popularisation and institutionalisation of boundary-maintenance mechanisms in Croatia in 1990. The HDZ, which formed the government after the first free multi-party elections in Croatia, increasingly integrated its nationalistic position into the newly developing postsocialist state machinery. Political antagonisms, which in the breakdown of the socialist system and the following temporary power vacuum seemed inevitable, aroused national conflicts between Croats and Serbs about the form and character of the new institutions of the developing national state. These

in Potentials of disorder
Language, education and the Catholic Church
Alex J. Bellamy

blamed for presenting the political, social and national conflicts in the former Yugoslavia ‘as centurieslong conflicts between essentially opposed human types, types of cultures and civilisations’.135 Moreover, he argued that the Church was guilty of portraying the Croats as ‘quasi-immaculate’ while portraying Serbs as ‘the incarnation of evil’. These two positions are a little unfair. Clearly, some priests did articulate such views, which had an open resonance with the language used by Tuœman. However, although Kuhariç tacitly supported the HDZ in the run-up to the

in The formation of Croatian national identity