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Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

depathologise ‘failed’ states. The chapter starts with a discussion of Weberian historical sociology in order to analyse not only coercion, extraction and claims to legitimacy as constitutive practices of states, but also how informal and plural forms of governance do not make the DRC pathological; in fact, they characterise the nature of peacebuilding as a plural and improvised form of ruling. This is illustrated with some empirical examples in the fourth section of the chapter. Before that, a third section analyses both Africa’s normality and exceptionalism. It first

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
The United States Peace Corps in the early 1960s
Agnieszka Sobocinska

Corps was the subject of countless articles in newspapers and magazines, and featured on the television and on radio. It also intersected with popular culture: portrayed in plays, novels, cartoons, television sitcoms and game shows throughout the 1960s, the Peace Corps helped introduce America’s agenda for international development to a popular audience. This chapter explores the nature and effects of

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
A view from below
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

2 Patterns and practices of everyday resistance: a view from below T What is everyday resistance? he informalities, ambiguities and contradictions that peacebuilding runs into reflect the political nature of the process. These become visible when examined from the everyday practices of the actors involved. In IR the everyday has become synonymous with the makings of actual subjects in their most quotidian roles (Autesserre 2014; Hobson and Seabrooke 2007; Mitchell 2011b; Neumann 2002). This is not so much a new field of study, as it represents a common call

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Open Access (free)
Resistance and the liberal peace: a missing link
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

international order that they were a part of ’ (Campbell, Chandler, and Sabaratnam 2011: 1). From different critical perspectives, peacebuilding has been seen as a Western-driven strategy that fundamentally serves Western interests, whether as a form of control, discipline, extraction, or even as a new form of imperialism (Chandler 2006; Duffield 2007, esp. Ch. 7 and 8; Richmond 2010, 2011a). For Vivienne Jabri (2007), peacebuilding signals a much deeper transformation of the nature of war and the maintenance of international order where war and peace have an intimate and co

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

case, they help us to better understand resistance. Drawing on a critical reading of Weberian historical sociology and through the analysis of critical Africanist scholars on the nature of political authority in Africa, the book presents state-making as defined by the practices of coercion, accumulation and legitimacy claiming. This does not fit a narrative of centralisation and institutionalisation, but it reflects patterns of violence and wealth management as sources of state authority. Following contemporary Weberian scholars, it is evident that states are far

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Offline and online games, branding and humanitarianism at the Roskilde Festival
Lene Bull Christiansen and Mette Fog Olwig

often used to mock authority figures. When used as fertiliser, however, excrement contributes to nature’s rebirth. Such a duality was exemplified at Roskilde Festival 2015, by the Danish Agriculture and Food Council, which ran a campaign to recycle urine, via large mobile urinals, under the slogan ‘Don’t waste your piss. Danish farmers can turn it into beer again’ (see figure 12.1 ). Second, for

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

, Van Bockstael et al. 2014). The impact on conflict has been limited as armed groups have other sources of funding such as taxation, robbery, support from the civilian population and contributions from the diaspora.5 While the resource wars thesis unearths important dynamics of conflict in the DRC, it portrays practices of accumulation as a criminal rather than a political undertaking. It taps into the image of the DRC as a neopatrimonial failed state, immersed in a Hobbesian state of nature, where armed actors do not have political motivations or values (Autesserre

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Journalism practice, risk and humanitarian communication
Jairo Lugo-Ocando and Gabriel Andrade

nature. 40 To be sure, humanitarian crises triggered by natural disasters in countries such as New Zealand tend to receive more news coverage than others in places such as Pakistan despite the magnitude and death toll of the latter being greater. The second challenge is that risk-awareness can become a discursive mechanism to further detach the audience from those who suffer by fostering fear and

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Open Access (free)
The management of migration between care and control
Pierluigi Musarò

-sided nature of the military-humanitarian governance of migration, and suggests that these aspects are part of the intricate dichotomies of care and control that mark contemporary migration regimes. Frontex and the humanitarian borderlands Europe is at War against an Imaginary Enemy is Frontexit’s campaign slogan. 23 Supported by a platform of human rights organisations, the campaign

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

they attempt to appease or evade extraction. This chapter is structured in four sections around the topics just mentioned. It first addresses these critiques as a way of analysing how the framework applies to survival. The following three sections then offer examples that illustrate different aspects of peacebuilding and resistance practices, starting with tax evasion and practices against elite land appropriation.9 Then follows a section illustrating the mitigation of the authoritarian nature of military rule through negotiation. This has to do with the military

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making