Mel Bunce

the agenda of a source ( Hayden, 2018 : 15). NGOs are not passive bystanders in this (dis)information landscape. They too engage in strategic information campaigns and can mislead audiences with their content. A prominent example in the 2000s was the Save Darfur Coalition, which used inflated mortality statistics to raise awareness of the conflict in Darfur. These exaggerated claims were reproduced by many news outlets in their reports of the conflict. The group also took out full-page newspaper adverts alleging that Sudanese President, Omar

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

were two kinds of relief group: those who professed neutrality and the very few who did not. The most prominent among the latter was Norwegian People’s Aid, which used to run newspaper adverts stating that it wasn’t neutral like MSF and others, but that it supported the rebels. It is understandable that mainline humanitarian groups working with migrants don’t want to be so unequivocal. But sooner or later they will have to be, and not just on the personal blogs of individual aid workers. Humanitarianism has weathered many crises, and perhaps it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

: 162–9). The conflicts in eastern DRC have been covered by both grands reporters and by regional specialists (heading the ‘Africa’ section of the daily newspapers, or correspondents and freelancers based in Goma, Kinshasa, Kigali or Nairobi). However, very few of the conflicts have been covered by French defence specialists, in part due to the recent lack of French military involvement in the DRC. 9 So I am talking primarily about regional

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

as a potential policy in the 2019 election, before being enacted by Boris Johnson in June 2020 ( Riley, 2017 , 2019 ). Further to the right, UKIP has frequently campaigned on removing the aid budget altogether ( Riley, 2015 ). Meanwhile, right-wing UK newspapers, notably the Daily Mail , but also the Daily Telegraph and the Sun among others, share an editorial line that is sceptical of both government aid spending and INGO fundraising and spending ( vanHeerde-Hudson, 2014 ; Scott

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

studies of the genocide put major emphasis on the role of ideology in driving people to participate. Several works focused specifically on pro-regime newspapers and radio that were labelled ‘hate media’ and their diffusion of anti-Tutsi rhetoric ( Chrétien, 1995 ; Thompson, 2007 ). Drawing parallels to the anti-Semitic ideology tied to the Holocaust, the argument was that the ideology dehumanised the Tutsi, alienated them from the rest of the population, and fostered hatred that ultimately drove people to kill. Leave None to Tell includes a chapter on ‘Propaganda and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

, put Rackete on their cover. 8 While in Italy the media’s response was mixed, the German print and electronic media largely rallied behind Rackete, and were often critical not only of the Italian government but also of the European Union. Numerous newspapers published long feature articles about migrant deaths in the Mediterranean and the tussle between Salvini and Sea-Watch. While Salvini tried to make much of the fact that Rackete is German, most of the contributions in the German media avoided portraying the conflict in nationalistic terms. Even Bild , the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

refugees was designed by a group of industrial designers in Stockholm between 2009 and 2013, and it is easy to confuse with architecture because it has been widely praised by architectural correspondents in major newspapers and it won the architectural category of the worldwide Design of the Year competition ( Scott-Smith, 2018b , 2019 ; Wainwright, 2017 ). No architects, however, were involved in its development. Even the main designer admitted, when I interviewed him in 2017, that it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Open Access (free)
The prognosis
Sara De Vido

belong to the vertical dimension, all the other behaviours that are criminalised consist in interpersonal violence.   3 P. Pettit, Republicanism. A Theory of Freedom and Government (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997), p. 122.   4 Pettit (Republicanism, p. 48) recalls in his work Mary Astell’s words in the seventeenth century: ‘if all Men are born free, how is it that all Women are born Slaves?’  5 Pettit, Republicanism, p. 139.   6 Istanbul Convention, preamble.  7 The campaign was reported by major international newspapers. See, for example, www.nytimes.com/2016

in Violence against women’s health in international law
Christopher T. Marsden

his paternity leave to write an extremely aggressive statement in a major Indian newspaper on 28 December, accusing critics of misrepresenting Facebook’s plans. 50 This backfired spectacularly by raising the spectre of economic colonialism, which is a very emotive issue for India, even 70 years after gaining independence from the UK. Guha and Aulakh explain that

in Network neutrality