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Coreen Anne McGuire

artificial respiration is discussed in a newspaper clipping titled ‘Iron Lungs’. Royal Institution of Great Britain, William H. Bragg Miscellaneous Correspondence (hereafter WHBMC), Bragg–Paul Pulsator (15 March–15 August), RI MS WHB/8B/9. See also: Blackwell , U. , ‘ Mechanical Respiration ’, The Lancet , 254 : 6568 ( 1949 ), 99 – 102 . 43 Paul was internationally renowned for his scientific instruments, including the galvanometer, early wireless telegraphy sets and devices for submarine warfare; he is also famous today as a pioneer of British film, devising

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Coreen Anne McGuire

Campaigns to Compensate Silicosis Sufferers in Britain, 1918–1939 ’, Social History of Medicine , 18 : 1 ( 2005 ), 63 – 86 , p. 75. 120 Bufton and Melling, ‘“A Mere Matter of Rock”’, p. 161. 121 ‘Report of Court of Appeal Decision Upholding Employers Appeal against Compensation Award’. Various Industries Scheme – Extension to Coal Mines, 1934. TNA, PIN 12/72. 122 Newspaper clipping, ‘Appeals against Compensation Won. Employers’ Protection under Silicosis Scheme’. Various Industries Scheme – Extension to Coal Mines, 1934. TNA, PIN 12/72. 123 Bufton and

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
Chronic disease and clinical bureaucracy in post-war Britain
Author: Martin D. Moore

Through a study of diabetes care in post-war Britain, this book is the first historical monograph to explore the emergence of managed medicine within the National Health Service. Much of the extant literature has cast the development of systems for structuring and reviewing clinical care as either a political imposition in pursuit of cost control or a professional reaction to state pressure. By contrast, Managing Diabetes, Managing Medicine argues that managerial medicine was a co-constructed venture between profession and state. Despite possessing diverse motives – and though clearly influenced by post-war Britain’s rapid political, technological, economic, and cultural changes – general practitioners (GPs), hospital specialists, national professional and patient bodies, a range of British government agencies, and influential international organisations were all integral to the creation of managerial systems in Britain. By focusing on changes within the management of a single disease at the forefront of broader developments, this book ties together innovations across varied sites at different scales of change, from the very local programmes of single towns to the debates of specialists and professional leaders in international fora. Drawing on a broad range of archival materials, published journals, and medical textbooks, as well as newspapers and oral histories, Managing Diabetes, Managing Medicine not only develops fresh insights into the history of managed healthcare, but also contributes to histories of the NHS, medical professionalism, and post-war government more broadly.

Open Access (free)
Mass vaccination and the public since the Second World War
Author: Gareth Millward

Vaccinating Britain investigates the relationship between the British public and vaccination policy since 1945. It is the first book to examine British vaccination policy across the post-war period and covers a range of vaccines, providing valuable context and insight for those interested in historical or present-day public health policy debates. Drawing on government documents, newspapers, internet archives and medical texts it shows how the modern vaccination system became established and how the public played a key role in its formation. British parents came to accept vaccination as a safe, effective and cost-efficient preventative measure. But occasional crises showed that faith in the system was tied to contemporary concerns about the medical profession, the power of the state and attitudes to individual vaccines. Thus, at times the British public demanded more comprehensive vaccination coverage from the welfare state; at others they eschewed specific vaccines that they thought were dangerous or unnecessary. Moreover, they did not always act uniformly, with “the public” capable of expressing contradictory demands that were often at odds with official policy. This case study of Britain’s vaccination system provides insight into the relationship between the British public and the welfare state, as well as contributing to the historiography of public health and medicine.

Dr Williams’ Pink Pills for Pale People and the hybrid pathways of Chinese modernity
Alice Tsay

normalising Western-style art for the Chinese public. 6 Along the same lines, Weipin Tsai contends that advertising in the newspaper Shenbao helped to produce the idealised image of the housewife as at once ‘consumer, domestic, and patriot’ in the new vision of liberated femininity that emerged after the 1915 New Culture Movement. 7 Even in case studies in which the advertising medium consists primarily of text, emphasis is placed on the construction of an ideological

in Progress and pathology
Vaccine scares, statesmanship and the media
Andrea Stöckl and Anna Smajdor

role of science in British society and use qualitative content analysis to research the debates in selected newspapers between 1998 and 2003. 9 We searched the archives of two major newspapers, the Guardian and the Daily Mail , for debates on MMR, Andrew Wakefield and the decision-making process of the then prime minister. We defined the search terms as ‘Wakefield’ and ‘MMR’, and ‘Blair’ and ‘MMR’. We chose these two newspapers

in The politics of vaccination
South Korea’s development of a hepatitis B vaccine and national prevention strategy focused on newborns
Eun Kyung Choi and Young-Gyung Paik

, ‘In adulthood, viral infection will just be transient, whereas in childhood it produces permanent carriers.’ 51 Dr J. H. Kim offered a similar view to the KMA's newspaper in 1985. According to him, current policy would require additional purchase of foreign vaccines, which would cost an extra trillion won ($100 million). Consequently, the vaccination of infants below the age of 3 was more practical and efficient. 52 Dr

in The politics of vaccination
Mary Warnock, embryos and moral expertise
Duncan Wilson

‘rights’ of laboratory animals.44 While they had barely criticised animal experiments for most of the twentieth century, newspapers and some politicians now called for stricter legislation and condemned scientists for performing vivisection when alternatives existed. James Callaghan’s Labour government responded to this controversy by issuing a charter for animal protection, entitled Living Without Cruelty, and pledging to reduce the number of animal tests.45 In line with its belief that different stakeholders should have a say in the development of public policies, it

in The making of British bioethics
Open Access (free)
Gareth Millward

. Similarly, quoting an end date for the crisis is complicated by the fact that many of the debates of that time continued to be felt among some communities in the United Kingdom and elsewhere in the world. 46 Figure 5.2 Mentions of MMR in major daily newspapers, 1996–2016. Source : Search for string ‘MMR’ in ProQuest European Newsstream on selected newspapers. Newspapers chosen were major dailies in the database with full text searchable from 1 January 1996 onwards

in Vaccinating Britain
The cultural construction of opposition to immunisation in India
Niels Brimnes

man a weakling dying many times before his natural death’. 39 Gandhi was ready to admit that vaccination gave ‘a sort of temporary immunity from smallpox’, but he also affirmed his religious objections to the practice. 40 In the weekly newspaper Navajivan he wondered how ‘vegetarians can ever take such vaccine’ and in a private letter he described vaccination as ‘tantamount to partaking of beef’. 41 In this way

in The politics of vaccination