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This collection interrogates the representation of humanitarian crisis and catastrophe, and the refraction of humanitarian intervention and action, from the mid-twentieth century to the present, across a diverse range of media forms: traditional and contemporary screen media (film, television and online video) as well as newspapers, memoirs, music festivals and social media platforms (such as Facebook, YouTube and Flickr). The book thus explores the historical, cultural and political contexts that have shaped the mediation of humanitarian relationships since the middle of the twentieth century. Together, the chapters illustrate the continuities and connections, as well as the differences, which have characterised the mediatisation of both states of emergency and acts of amelioration. The authors reveal and explore the significant synergies between the humanitarian enterprise, the endeavour to alleviate the suffering of particular groups, and media representations, and their modes of addressing and appealing to specific publics. The chapters consider the ways in which media texts, technologies and practices reflect and shape the shifting moral, political, ethical, rhetorical, ideological and material dimensions of international humanitarian emergency and intervention, and have become integral to the changing relationships between organisations, institutions, governments, individual actors and entire sectors.

Public presence, discourse, and migrants as threat
Giannis Gkolfinopoulos

constitute the largest part of the public sphere. However, newspapers continue to play a dominant role in setting the agenda of public discourse in Greece. It is common for questions discussed in parliament to be posed by politicians quoting articles from the Greek press. Also the popular morning news shows of major television and radio channels routinely rely on reports and opinions published in the daily

in Security/ Mobility
Open Access (free)
Mads Qvortrup

Introduction and method Great star what was thy happiness if thou shineth for no one? (Friedrich Nietzsche, 1888: 5)1 ‘Today is Freedom day’ thundered the headline in the Independent, a British newspaper, on 1 May 1997. The perplexing headline was followed by a no less mystifying quote: ‘The English people believes itself to be free: it is gravely mistaken; it is free only during the election of MPs; as soon as the Members are elected the members are enslaved.’ The quote was followed by the name J-.J. Rousseau. On the day when the Labour Party was about to win

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Between humanitarianism and pragmatism
Alexis Heraclides and Ada Dialla

her husband’s death, became a correspondent in Russia of various US newspapers) and was a friend of General Skobelev (of central Asian fame and later head of the Russian army in the 1877–78 Russo-Ottoman War). Contrary to their lack of information regarding the Bulgarians, the Russian officials were aware of the upcoming Serbian and Montenegrin war against the Ottomans. St Petersburg instructed Kartsov, the Russian consul in Belgrade, to restrain them

in Humanitarian intervention in the long nineteenth century
Open Access (free)
The autonomous life?
Nazima Kadir

focusing on a particular profile of white squatter activists, again the historical texts present a misleading and distorted view. There are rumors and assumptions in the squatters movement that Surinamese immigrants squatted entire housing blocks in the Bijlmer in the 1970s, which have remained squatted until the present day. During my fieldwork, the majority of eviction notices published in the newspaper were for apartments in the Bijlmer that were squatted outside the movement. Yet, only one academic article from 1977

in The autonomous life?
Patrick Doyle

Oldcastle, County Meath, attacked the book as ‘rather the drivel of a charlatan than a university-trained thinker’ in the nationalist newspaper, Freeman's Journal . He called Plunkett's work ‘mean and insidious’ and set a template for further attacks from Catholic hierarchy and clergy. 25 Barry's broadside precipitated Cardinal Logue's Pastoral in which the leader of the Irish Catholic Church condemned the book ‘though he admits he has not read it’. 26 Several months later, the rector of the Irish College in Rome, Monsignor Michael O’Riordan, responded to the

in Civilising rural Ireland
Patrick Doyle

agents or buyers on commission’. Their buyers took up residence close to the great butter markets in Ireland located primarily in the region of fertile dairy plains of south-west Ireland – Cork, Limerick and Tralee. 34 As the CWS extended its presence in Ireland a British newspaper, the Co-operative News , summarised its spread as an attempt to bring the producer and the consumer together, to so organise labour as to produce for known wants, and to serve the consumer as nearly as possible at cost price on condition that

in Civilising rural Ireland
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

These tendencies may be illustrated by debates in the Guardian newspaper in the UK over the legality as well as legitimacy of the Israeli invasion of Gaza in January 2009. One letter to the Guardian runs: ‘As international lawyers, we remind the UK government that it has a duty under international law to exert its influence to stop violations of international humanitarian law in the current conflict between Israel and Hamas. A fundamental principle of

in Antisemitism and the left
Thomas Robb

economic conference in Puerto Rico. As Berrill suggested, US officials were likely to respond with a ‘putting your house in order first’ attitude.20 In practice, this meant the extension of further credit would not be forthcoming until deeper cuts in Britain’s public expenditure occurred. Events soon demonstrated the accuracy of such advice. Stories throughout the newspaper media suggested that Arthur Burns would be particularly unwilling to offer Britain an extension of credit unless it involved the British government enacting serious economic reforms.21 At the Puerto

in A strained partnership?
Jeremy C.A. Smith

1870s, the common reading public grew rapidly, especially around newspaper readership. As part of the urban public, the Meiji Six Society (Meirokusha) formed as an intellectual circle with its own activities and profile. Many of its young members also held government posts. Through its publications and public lectures, the Society acted as an agent of translation and conceptualisation of the Western sciences, as well as a debating society. In doing so the Meirokusha formed a benchmark of debate for a wider spectrum of opinion on Japanese civilisation and modernity

in Debating civilisations