Search results

The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Nigel Eltringham

in November. In early 1991, the FAR murdered 1,000 Tutsi.27 Following a new constitution (June 1991) opposition parties (demanding negoti­ations with the RPF) emerged, including the Mouvement Démocratique Républicain (MDR) and the multi-ethnic Parti Liberal (PL).28 In March 1993, 300 Tutsi were killed by the Presi­ dential Guard and intera­hamwe militia (see below) after the state radio (Radio Rwanda) claimed that the PL and RPF planned to assassinate opposition leaders.29 The opposition parties, however, remained united and forced Habyarimana to form a coalition

in Human remains and mass violence
Chowra Makaremi

., p. 79. A. C. G. M. Robben, ‘State terror in the netherworld’, in A. C. G. M. Robben (ed.), Death, Mourning and Burial: A Cross-Cultural Reader (Oxford: Blackwell, 2004), p. 135. The organization Mujahedin-e Khalq was the Islamic Republic’s prin­ cipal opposition party. It began an armed struggle in June 1981. Makaremi, Le Cahier d’Aziz, pp. 46–9. Testimony from Roya Sadeghi, at the International People’s Tribunal on the Abuse and Mass Killings of Political Prisoners in Iran (1981– 88), Findings of the Truths Commission, p. 219. Testimony from Esmat Vatanparast

in Destruction and human remains
Joost Fontein

a long-established pattern of using a narrow and exclusivist legacy of the liberation struggle to buttress its own legitimacy. This includes undermining that of opposition parties, including ‘old’ (and ‘new’) ZAPU, the fractious factions of the MDC with whom it was then sharing a ‘unity government’, and, more recently, a host of emergent Ndebele pressure groups such as the Mwthazi Liberation Front (MLF), a radical group agitating for secession for Matabeleland. It is not surprising therefore that the crude politicking at Chibondo provoked the anger of those linked

in Governing the dead