Search results

You are looking at 1 - 7 of 7 items for :

  • "opposition parties" x
  • Manchester Political Studies x
Clear All
From Afghanistan to Iraq
Kerry Longhurst

use of force.qxd 30/06/2004 From Afghanistan to Iraq 16:25 Page 79 79 CDU contended that it would support the operation only if the Bundeswehr was awarded more resources to carry out the mission effectively. Eventually, Germany’s participation was secured only through the support of the opposition parties, and the Bundestag approved the deployment by 497 votes to 130 on 29 August 2001. Operation ‘Essential Harvest’ was widely regarded as a success, though its initial one-month duration was viewed as having been too short. The proposed successor mission, ‘Amber

in Germany and the use of force
Kerry Longhurst

conscription.12 The main opposition parties, the CDU and the CSU, also welcomed the court’s ruling, regarding conscription as necessary both to Germany’s security needs and in integrating the armed forces within society.13 In the second wave of defence reforms initiated by the Red–Green coalition a pledge was made as a bargain between the pro-conscription SPD and the pro-reform Greens to examine the future of conscription, which was outlined by the coalition treaty in the wake of the Federal election in September 2002. However, rather than heralding a far-reaching discussion

in Germany and the use of force
Raymond Hinnebusch

equality, it was now deployed to protect the new economic inequalities that followed on infitah . This post-populist period is associated with uneven political liberalisation: while the interest groups of the bourgeoisie were given greater corporatist and parliamentary access to power and safety valve opposition parties for the middle class were tolerated within strict limits, mass organisations and trade unions were brought under stricter control and excluded from the access to decision-makers they often formerly enjoyed in the populist era

in The international politics of the Middle East
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

(Young 2002). The Rwandan-initiated military campaign in 1996 gathered regional and international support, but suffocated a democratic movement (Pomfret 1997). The efforts of thousands of civil society organisations, dissident parliamentarians and political parties long opposed to Mobutu culminated in the 1992 Conference for National Sovereignty (CNS) (Nzongola-Ntalaja 2002: 171). This was a conference of over 2,000 delegates representing opposition parties and a plethora of civil society organisations, which managed to appoint a new government.8 However, Mobutu’s coup

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Adjusting to life after the Cold War
Kerry Longhurst

presided over less sensational moves, including the sending of mine-sweepers to the Mediterranean and Germany’s assumption of the role of paymaster and provider of logistical support.10 Even the dispatching of eighteen Bundeswehr Alpha jets under the auspices of NATO’s Allied Mobile Force to Turkey was challenged by opposition parties and became possible only after a great deal Longhurst, Germany and the use of force.qxd 58 30/06/2004 16:25 Page 58 Germany and the use of force of internal debate and on the back of relentless Conservative petitioning that the jets

in Germany and the use of force
Eşref Aksu

consultants. Elections were held on 29–30 September 1992, with 18 parties running for office, and 12 parties securing representation in the Parliament. Though UNITA had gained 70 seats, making it the largest opposition party, 50 it did not accept the results and returned to its military campaign against the MPLA government. The Bicesse process had failed. Increasing emphasis on human rights and

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

early 1982 the Alliance was more popular than the Conservatives or the Labour Party in opinion polls. The SDP had over 55,000 members for most of its existence. Though the Alliance did moderately well in the 1987 general election (22.5 per cent), it had failed to displace the Labour Party as the chief opposition party in Britain. A decision was therefore made by the two Alliance parties to merge into a single party. Though

in The politics today companion to West European Politics