Gazetteer, p. 79.
Thomas, EHR, 74 (1959), 623–5.
Brewer, PartyIdeology and Popular Politics, pp. 141–3. The calculation
is mine. A contemporary readership estimate of only ten per paper is cited
by Barker, Newspapers, Politics and Public Opinion, p. 23.
Peters, EHR, 86 (1971), 206–27.
Thomas, John Wilkes, pp. 19–26.
Walpole, Letters, VII, 369. Even radical journalist John Almon commented in 1770 that the Whisperer was ‘detestable in the highest degree’.
London Museum, May 1770, p. 267.
Thomas, EHR, 74 (1959), 626–32. Simmons and Thomas, Proceedings
and Debates, V, vii
’ politics at Westminster and in the
localities, or the rise of the dominance of a propertied and landed ‘old
corruption’, the centrality of religious controversy to politics is indisputable. It
is clear that the development of rival partyideologies, and the consequent
fractured and divided society, was driven by the ‘troubles’ that had dominated
the crises of authority in the seventeenth century. Recent writing has underscored how the day-to-day battles of both national and local politics were
fought out over a series of persisting issues.11 The security of the