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This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.

Fabrice Weissman

-review-will-make-it-easier-for-families-to-pay-ransoms/ (accessed 28 June 2019) . Frydl , K. J. ( 2006 ), ‘ Kidnapping and State Development in the United States ’, Studies in American Political Development , 20 , 18 – 44 . Kiser , M. ( 2013 ), ‘ How Somali Pirates and Terrorists Made Bank off Two Western Hostages

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
War economies, peace economies and transformation
Jenny H. Peterson

hypothesis, another key tenet of liberal theory which suggests that democracies do not fight other democracies and are also less likely to suffer from civil wars, has also aided in the fusing of development and security agendas with the former promoting it as a mode of political development and the latter supporting it for reasons of security. The adoption of liberal political and economic approaches by both development and security actors over the past several decades has led to a common agenda and legitimising discourse – economically developed and democratic societies

in Building a peace economy?
Learning from the case of Kosovo
Jenny H. Peterson

. There are three families and the political actors are influenced by families’ (I34). These three families are thought to be key players in organised crime. No documents were provided, nor were specific names given and it should be noted that other security agents based in the territory saw little connection between crime and politics in Kosovo (I10, I65). Nonetheless, such accusations and perceptions of political connections to the world of organised crime persist and continue to affect political development in Kosovo. In 2009 a self-confessed criminal, Nazim Bllaca

in Building a peace economy?
Open Access (free)
Arthur B. Gunlicks

successful only or mostly in the West.1 In order to provide the reader with some of the flavor and spice of Landtag elections, and to assess better some of the hypotheses about Land elections and parties that were mentioned in the previous chapter (pp. 267–273), a very brief overview of political developments in the Länder since 1945 is presented below. This overview also contains a summary of the major issues, personalities, and events associated with the most recent Land elections. chap 9 27/5/03 290 11:57 am Page 290 The Länder and German federalism The old

in The Länder and German federalism
Open Access (free)
Peter Burnell

political systems have long been attuned to US influence (Philip), and in East Asia. The potentially adverse consequences for democracy are well rehearsed. The future The rapid accumulation of political studies of democratization in the 1990s came about as a result of political developments on the ground. The one tracked the other; and it is worth asking now what are the implications for the future. The evidence so far has been of dynamism in the study of democratization. There is scope for further advances in theory and in practice, such as by moving away from the

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Open Access (free)
John Callaghan
Nina Fishman
Ben Jackson
, and
Martin Mcivor

neo-liberal right. Kevin Hickson makes the case for the continuing relevance of Anthony Crosland’s vision of social democracy and responds to a variety of critics who have argued that Crosland’s ideas have been rendered inapplicable by post-1970 economic and political developments. Ben Jackson contests the portrayal of traditional social democratic rhetoric in the political thought of modernisers by undertaking a comparative analysis of the rhetoric used in Britain and the United States to argue for economic redistribution during the struggle for the welfare state

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Francisco E. González
Desmond King

the nationwide protection of civil rights and the guarantee of free and fair contestation and participation in genuine democratic elections. This did not happen until the late 1960s. This picture is at variance with the conventional narrative presented in those accounts of America’s political development reliant upon Alexis de Tocqueville’s nineteenthcentury survey and Louis Hartz’s articulation of American ‘individualist’ liberalism (Hartz 1955). Foremost amongst this new, reflective, American scholarship is the work of the political scientist Rogers Smith, who

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Contextual, analytical and theoretical issues
Colin Hay

, their effects are now filtering into more substantive analyses, including contemporary work on the political development of Britain (see, for instance, Bevir and Rhodes 1998, 1999; English and Kenny 1999; Kerr 2001; Marsh, Buller, Hay, Johnston, Kerr, McAnulla and Watson 1999; Smith 1999). What is perhaps most interesting about this emergent political science is the extent to which its distinctive analytical concerns are shared by an unlikely assortment of authors defending a variety of otherwise antagonistic theoretical approaches. Though divided by the absence of a

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Open Access (free)
Reinterpreting Russia in the twenty-first century
Andrew Monaghan

prepares Western politicians and policy-makers for both realistic foreign policy and domestic political developments rather than desirable ones or wishful thinking. The mainstream view of Russia in the West has on one hand tended to see Russia as an appendage of Europe, one that is bound to Europe, rather than seeing it as a Eurasian state with interests not only in Europe but across the world. On the other

in The new politics of Russia