and global social change
Politicaleconomy is concerned with the historically constituted frameworks or structures within which political and economic activity takes
place. It stands back from the apparent fixity of the present to ask how
the existing structures came into being and how they may be changing,
or how they may be induced to change. In this sense, politicaleconomy is
critical theory. (Cox, 1995: 32)
he field of IPE is inextricably bound up with understandings of global
social transformation. Indeed, for many
From an ‘infrastructural turn’ to the platform logics of
Michael Keith and Andreza Aruska de Souza Santos
governance and international city networks, claims made in the name of the Anthropocene understanding of the urban system at the planetary scale, the dynamics of climate change and the contours of global politicaleconomy. All of them constitute what we might understand as urban ‘platforms’.
The contact zones of city networks internationally
It is clear that a growing number of international networks generate forms of exchange between cities. Michele Acuto and Steve Rayner ( 2016 ) identified a database of 170 city networks in 2015
), Panorama, 2000;
Channel 4, 2000). The effect is to bring less comfortable and optimistic images
of globalisation to our armchairs. At the same time, scholars within international politicaleconomy (IPE), international relations (IR) and sociology
have called for the essence of politics to be restored to our understandings of
globalisation and restructuring (Marchand and Runyan, 2000; Hay and
Marsh, 1999; Bauman, 1998; Beck, 2000a).
This book acknowledges and develops the emergent challenge to the
economic and technologically determinist representations of globalisation
an international politicaleconomy of work
n the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries, we are living in an era
of social transformation that has been defined by the concept of globalisation, just as it has been shaped by programmes of restructuring carried out in
the name of globalisation. Yet, our era is also one in which people’s concrete
experiences of transformation are diverse and contradictory. While for some,
living in a GPE means holding and managing a portfolio of shares, business
travel for a MNC, and increased prosperity
The restructuring of work and production in the international political economy
The ‘contested’ firm: the restructuring of
work and production in the international
no involuntary changes have ever spontaneously restructured or reorganised a mode of production; … changes in productive relationships are
experienced in social and cultural life, refracted in men’s ideas and their
values, and argued through in their actions, their choices and their
beliefs. (Thompson, 1976/1994: 222)
he desire to comprehend, order and manage the dual dynamics of globalisation and restructuring has led to much attention being paid to the
The politics of value and valuation in South Africa’s urban waste
Henrik Ernstson, Mary Lawhon, Anesu Makina, Nate Millington, Kathleen Stokes, and Erik Swyngedouw
analyses in order to develop understandings of the links between policy, technology, poverty, power and waste itself, particularly in light of the changing politicaleconomy of waste internationally, regionally and nationally and associated political and technological interventions. This is to say, we argue that the possibilities for making a decent livelihood from waste are shaped by factors as diverse as global carbon finance, the roll-out of kerbside collection of recyclables and the amount of food a household is willing to throw away. As a study of urban political
Inclusive urban energy transformations in spaces of urban
Federico Caprotti, Jon Phillips, Saska Petrova, Stefan Bouzarovski, Stephen Essex, Jiska de Groot, Lucy Baker, Yachika Reddy, and Peta Wolpe
Phillips , J.
( 2019 ). ‘ Tensions in the transition: The politics of electricity distribution in South Africa ’. Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space , 37 ( 1 ): 177–96 .
Baker , L.
Burton , J.
Godinho , C.
Trollip , H.
( 2015 ). The politicaleconomy of decarbonisation: Exploring
state-societies (Giddens, 1998).
Gerhard Schröder’s apparent embracing of the individualism and ‘workfare’
(Jessop, 1994) strategy of Blair’s ‘Third Way’ in his ‘Neue Mitte’ concept may
be read as indicative of an acceptance of the necessary restructuring
imperatives of a global economy.
Yet, when we explore the debate taking place within and outside German
state-society it becomes clear that the representation of Germany as a rigid
and inflexible politicaleconomy in need of radical restructuring is by no
means uncontested. An effective counter to neo-liberal claims
Not only does this invisibility produce a serious deficit in our understandings
of the dynamics of global change, but it also causes us to avert our eyes from
the very sites where work and political contestation is taking place in the
global politicaleconomy. As MNCs increasingly outsource their production
and services, they become fractured into loosely connected sites, many of
them employing unprotected and precarious workers. The programmes of
restructuring in the advanced industrialised countries (AICs), whether
‘hyperflexible’ or ‘flexi
dualism in the history of British capitalism is used to rebut
claims to globalisation in favour of a world where national politicaleconomies
remain key (see Hirst and Thompson, 2000). However, the historical
representations of state, capital and labour in British state-society can be
interpreted precisely to problematise the separation of a ‘global’ from a
‘national’ sphere. Representations of what the ‘global’ means are distinctively
fashioned through debates in British state-society, drawing on historical
practices and understandings, and reinvigorating past tensions