Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti
). Conjoining recent debates
in feminist politicaleconomy and humanitarian governance in this paper we examine
how prominent humanitarian actors such as corporations and celebrity activists
construct gender-based problems and knowledge as part of entrepreneurial artisanal
projects, aiming to empower women in the global South. Corporations have a long
history of sponsoring and championing humanitarian as well as gender and development
work to enhance the value of their brands and
posited that authoritarian regimes can pass the costs of coping with sanctions impacts on to their people ( Haggard and Noland, 2017 : 6), which informs Pyongyang’s ability to endure sanctions through repression for average citizens and rewards for the elite ( Peksen, 2016 ).
Past research has considered sanctions against the DPRK from a number of perspectives, including politicaleconomy ( Frank, 2006 ; Haggard and Noland, 2010 ), international trade ( Noland, 2009 ), economic statecraft ( Haggard and Noland, 2017 ), US policy ( Stanton et al. , 2017 ) and
A new politicaleconomy of humanitarian aid developed, reinforcing the symbiosis between
humanitarianism and the state. The sufficiency of a humanitarian minimum became justification
for cuts in public expenditure, particularly as NGOs offered themselves as subcontractors for
the provision of essential services at home and abroad. Western governments placed pressure on
NGOs to carry out neomanagerial reforms that would promote cultural synergies with their own
overseas aid departments, now reorganised according to the business
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye
no rights. Focusing on
intermediaries, mediation and in particular on the role of the cadets
sociaux enables us to show how social dynamics are re-enacted in a
context of crisis.
Historical analyses have attributed the failure of the Guinean, Liberian and Sierra
Leonian governmental responses at the onset of the epidemic to a number of factors
related to history and international politicaleconomy. They range from the
workers and disaster-affected
communities ( Bloom and Betts, 2013 ; Jacobsen, 2015 ; Ong and Combinido, 2018 ). In addition, because much
humanitarian innovation merely repurposes commercial innovation for humanitarian use
( Carbonnier, 2015 ), when humanitarian
actors incorporate these technologies into their work they also incorporate the values
embedded in them. In the specific case of information technologies, this creates
‘a politicaleconomy in which technocratic solutions and
l’expatriation française en
Centrafrique’ ( Thèse 64 en
sciences sociales, Université de Paris 8 Vincennes
Brandt , C.
O. and De
( 2019 ), ‘On the PoliticalEconomy of Data
Collection: Lessons from the Unaccomplished Population Census (Democratic
Zaïre. Le vécu d’une réfugiée rwandaise ( Paris : L’Harmattan ).
Verwimp , P. ( 2003 ), ‘ Testing the Double Genocide Thesis for Central and Southern Rwanda ’, Journal of Conflict Resolution , 47 : 4 , 423 – 42 .
Verwimp , P. ( 2013 ), Peasants in Power: The PoliticalEconomy of Development and Genocide in Rwanda ( Dordrect : Springer ).
with entitlement would permit the continuation of inequality, with blame apportioned to the poor for their own plight. Indeed, since the entitlement model (as a re-scripting of earlier enlightenment assumptions on the progressive contours of a meaningful life) sought an effective break with colonial history and its lasting effects among the world of peoples, so this bourgeois construct proved capable of moralising the power of politicaleconomy and putting development workers at the forefront of the fight to deal with unnecessary suffering in zones of abandonment and
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in
Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith
Wartime Sexual Violence Paradigm ’, in Flood ,
Engaging Men in Building Gender Equality
( Newcastle, UK : Cambridge
Scholars Publishing ).
( 2018 ), ‘ The PoliticalEconomy of Sexual
Violence ’, in Zalewski
of African PoliticalEconomy ,
47 , 64 – 83 .
K. ( 2016 ),
‘ The Scramble for Africans: Demography, Globalisation and Africa’s
Informal Labour Markets ’, Journal of Development
Studies , 52 : 4 ,
483 – 97 .
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‘ Does the Humanitarian Industry Have a Future in the Digital
Age? ’, iRevolutions , 9 April ,
https://irevolutions.org/tag/organizations/ (accessed 28 August
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