Contemporary civilisational analysis has emerged in the post-Cold War period as a forming but already controversial field of scholarship. This book focuses on the scholarship produced in this field since the 1970s. It begins with anthropological axioms posited by Ibn Khaldun, Simon Bolivar and George Pachymeres. Three conceptual images of civilisations are prominent in the field. First, civilisations are conceived as socio-cultural units, entities or blocs in an 'integrationist' image. They emerge out of long-term uneven historical processes. Finally, in a 'relational' image civilisations are believed to gain definition and institute developmental patterns through inter-societal and inter-cultural encounters. The book traces the history of semantic developments of the notions of 'civilisation' and 'civilisations' coextensive with the expansion of Europe's empires and consubstantial with colonialism. Early modernities are more important in the long formation of capitalism. Outlining the conceptual framework of inter-civilisational engagement, the book analytically plots the ties instituted by human imaginaries across four dimensions of inter-civilisational engagement. It also interrogates the relationship between oceans, seas and civilisations. Oceanian civilisation exhibits patterns of deep engagement and connection. Though damaged, Pacific cultures have invoked their own counter-imaginary in closer proximity to past islander experiences. Collective memory provides resources for coping with critical issues. The book also explores Latin American and Japanese experiences that shed light on the engagement of civilisations, applying the model of inter-civilisational engagement to modern perspectives in culture and the arts, politics, theology and political economy.
nature and choice of policies aimed at
their management. Understanding the dominant conceptualisations of war
economies and the issues associated with each of these offers further insight
into the dilemma of transformation. Research findings presented in Chapters
5 to 7 will show the diversity of actors’ opinions regarding politicaleconomies
of violence, and indeed examples of when individuals and organisations
‘strayed’ off the stereotypical liberal path are central to the conclusion of this
book. Nonetheless, it is possible to identify the dominant understandings of
Protecting borders, confirming statehood and transforming economies?
Jenny H. Peterson
assumptions could actually prove counter-productive in transforming the smuggling facet of Kosovo’s political-economy.
The neo-liberal policies on which modern customs and trade policies are
based could actually be a cause of the activities customs agencies are trying to
eradicate. While a modern customs service is meant to cut down on trade
barriers and facilitate trade, documents which prove the origin/value of
goods, and other details such as health and safety requirements, are biased
towards modern, advanced and established traders (Kaminski and de la
Rocha, 2003; Pohit
Political theory has recently responded
to the central questions about redistributive welfare systems – their
justification, and the institutional means for implementing them –
raised by the politicaleconomy of the past twenty-five years. In the
post-war period, the consensus around sustaining minimum standards of
income, health, education and housing assumed an entitlement to such
these developments were eye-catching, this focus overlooks the way in which radical change had been gestating at the mundane level at which the co-operative movement primarily operated and through which it contributed to a new nationalist politicaleconomy. The split between the DATI and IAOS highlighted the intersection of political and economic ideas within Irish nationalism that became more prominent after the 1916 Easter Rising. The nominal wrangle over funding exposed two incompatible governmental visions for rural development at play before the outbreak of the
Civilising Rural Ireland examines how modern Ireland emerged out of the social and economic transformation prompted by the rural co-operative movement. The movement emerged in response to systemic economic problems that arose throughout the nineteenth century and coincided with a wide-ranging project of cultural nationalism. Within a short space of time the co-operative movement established a swathe of creameries, agricultural societies and credit societies, leading to a radical reorganisation of rural Ireland and helping to create a distinctive Irish political economy. The work of overlooked co-operative experts is critically examined for the first time and reinserted into the process of state development. The interventions of these organisers, intellectuals and farmers built up key institutions that shaped everyday life across rural communities. The movement weathered war and revolution, to become an indispensable part of an Irish state infrastructure after independence in 1922. The strained relationship and economic rivalry that developed between Irish and British co-operators is also explored in order to illuminate the changing relationship between Ireland and the United Kingdom from an economic perspective. Civilising Rural Ireland will appeal to a wide audience interested in modern Irish history and readers are introduced to an eclectic range of personalities who shared an interest in co-operation and whose actions possessed important consequences for the way Ireland developed. The creative use of local and national sources, many of which are examined for the first time, mean the book offers a new perspective on an important period in the making of modern Ireland.
exploring the intellectual development of the co-operative movement, it has been shown that the politicaleconomy of co-operation affected the development of Irish nationalism in the early twentieth century.
One way in which Sinn Féin nationalists differentiated themselves from their constitutionalist rivals who dominated Irish politics was in the attitude towards co-operative societies. Sinn Féin's appropriation of a pro-co-operative position positioned the party as sympathetic to the socio-economic concerns of the farming population. Before the
world societies and indigenous civilisations
sum up the landscape of contemporary civilisational analysis at the time of writing. Where civilisational analysis has stretched its latitude to examine African,
new world and indigenous civilisations, only limited progress has been made.
This chapter begins to address these lacunae with modest moves to apply the
model of inter-civilisational engagement outlined in Chapters 4 and 5 to modern
perspectives in culture and the arts, politics, theology and politicaleconomy
produced in Latin
leave the impression that the two paradigms are mutually exclusive.
It is evident that there is no dialogue. One would be possible, however,
on the basis of unorthodox interpretations of Marxist politicaleconomy that
address problematics of capitalism, power and civilisations together. There
are traces of interest in civilisational problematics in Marx and Gramsci’s
work on the symbolic and cultural dimensions of social formations. A more
complete politicaleconomy of civilisational interaction in Cox’s work brings
Marx and Gramsci together with others in a
’s embrace of a neo-liberal politicaleconomy. 59 It also allows
an attempt to construct chains of equivalence across a wider range
of social groups than the socialist discourse of Old Labour. For
example, the absence of any socialist intertextuality in this
discourse, along with its stress on personal responsibility, enables
it to appeal to voters who have formerly voted Conservative out of