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Labour, the people and the ‘new political history’
Lawrence Black

plaything of sociological forces, post-war British politics has been vitally shaped by political choices’. Labour’s early growth, post-war difficulties and renewal as New Labour were, then, much more of its own making. By this model voters made an ‘instrumental’ or ‘rational choice’ ITLP_C02.QXD 18/8/03 24 9:55 am Page 24 ‘What kind of people are you?’ of the party whose policy or governing performance was most likely to advance or had best defended their interests. Akin to electoral sociology, a close relationship between voters and parties is supposed. Attempts

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Open Access (free)
Nina Fishman

essence in Kautskyist antagonism to communism and its claim to be the sole heir to the socialist tradition. Left-wing socialists frequently accepted this assertion at face value, and equated social democracy with their centreright opponents. For many Labour activists who identified with the Keep Left group of MPs and Tribune, the term social democracy was suspect because of its identification with a particular strand of socialist thought and politics. M1738 - CALLAGHAN TEXT.indd 288 3/8/09 12:13:46 Afterword 289 Another undercurrent in post-war British socialists

in In search of social democracy
Contextual, analytical and theoretical issues
Colin Hay

political science and political economy of post-war British politics. They have implications for the analysis of the Labour Party and for labour studies more generally. It is to these that I now turn, beginning with factors specific to the political analysis of Labour, before turning to those that might be thought to apply more generally to contemporary political analysis. Revisiting the political analysis of labour/Labour It is tempting to suggest that while the new political science of British politics, tentatively outlined above, has important implications for

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Debates about potential and ambition in British socialist thought
Jeremy Nuttall

sociological research in the 1950s, which suggested that there existed a too often untapped reservoir of ability among those not attending the grammar schools. This was drawn on by socialists, notably Tony Crosland. In his The Future of Socialism (1956), the leading statement of ‘moderate’ post-war British socialism, Crosland argued that both education and the expansion of cultural and leisure opportunities should become more central parts of the socialist and progressive agenda, as primary material poverty faded and as socialists realised that nationalisation was not the

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Publics, hybrids, transparency, monsters and the changing landscape around science
Stephen Turner

to the public, discoveries were celebrated, and science education was initiated in Britain in the form of working men’s institutes with lectures on elementary science, and there were best-selling books, such as Mathematics for the Million (Hogben, 1937) and the ABC of Relativity (Russell, 1925). There was a lively interest in amateur science: radio clubs, for example, sent 324 Science and the politics of openness small donations to support Jodrell Bank, the array of radiotelescopes that was the first major achievement of post-war British science. And this

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Cultural and political change in 1960s Britain
Steven Fielding

. There is, in fact, a school of thought that is its exact opposite, one that presents post-war Britain as defined by repression and tired conformity. Advocates of this view see change as heralding a much-needed liberation for hitherto excluded groups, such as the young, women, workers and ethnic minorities. According to them, instead of loss, the 1960s brought considerable gains and on that basis should be celebrated rather than mourned.14 Rather than seeing the period in zero-sum terms, others focus on how Britain after 1945 engaged with ‘modernity’. Within this frame

in The Labour Governments 1964–70 volume 1
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

logical place to begin a review of modern education in Britain has to be the passage of the 1944 Education Act. This should be seen as part of the process of re-building post-war Britain, a task which was the subject of much agreement between the political parties. It was sponsored by R.A. Butler (and is sometimes known as the ‘Butler Act’), the Conservative Education minister in the all-party coalition of the day. The principles and intentions of the Act were as follows: 54 Understanding British and European political issues 1 The ‘Board of Education’ (of which

in Understanding British and European political issues
Alastair J. Reid

ITLP_C07.QXD 18/8/03 9:59 am Page 101 7 Class and politics in the work of Henry Pelling Alastair J. Reid In the ranks of that distinguished generation of post-war British academics who established labour history on a professional footing, Henry Pelling is generally regarded as worthy but rather dull. For he did not share the more colourful far-left political affiliations of figures such as Eric Hobsbawm and Edward Thompson. Indeed, when these Marxists were at the height of their influence in the late 1960s and 1970s, Pelling’s careful history of the British

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Interpreting the unions–party link
Steve Ludlam

post-war perspective on the unions–party link of liberal and social democratic pluralists is the concept of ‘pluralistic stagnation’, applied to British politics by Samuel Beer (1965 and 1982), and in a series of studies of British unions by Gerald Dorfman (1974, 1979 and 1983) and Robert Taylor (1980, 1993 and 2000). The concept of ‘pluralistic stagnation’ depicted post-war Britain as characterised by a new producer-group politics, in which capital, labour and the State bargained collectively on a range of public policy issues. This pluralistic governance emerged

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Kevin Hickson

(Cambridge: Polity). Holland, S. (1975) The Socialist Challenge (London: Quartet). Hoover, K. and Plant, R. (1989) Conservative Capitalism in Britain and the United States: a Critical Appraisal (London: Routledge). Howell, D. (1976) British Social Democracy (London: Croom Helm). Jackson, B. (2005) ‘Revisionism reconsidered: “Property-owning democracy” and egalitarian strategy in post-war Britain’, Twentieth Century British History, 16 (4). Jay, D. (1962) Socialism and the New Society (London: Longmans). Jefferys, K. (1999) Anthony Crosland: a New Biography (London: Cohen

in In search of social democracy