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Interactional strategies in late-nineteenth-century Classical archaeology: the case of Adolf Furtwängler
Ulf R. Hansson

This chapter examines collegiality and the instrumentality of informal networks in the production of knowledge around 1900 as exemplified by the German classical archaeologist Adolf Furtwängler (1853–1907). Based on a relatively well documented case from the formative period in the modern history of Classical archaeology, this chapter explores how and to what extent various dynamic processes within the discipline can be affected when a key actor in the system for some reason withdraws or is excluded from the social aspects of the profession. Although Furtwängler was one of the most prolific and influential Classical archaeologists of his generation, his wide-ranging contribution is little discussed in the discipline’s modern histories, for various reasons. Based on substantial unpublished archive material that permits a detailed reconstruction of his professional networks and work methods, this chapter discusses Furtwängler’s problematic interaction with the scholarly community and his various strategies for creating and maintaining professional relations with institutions and individuals considered indispensable for his own work.

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
James Breasted’s early scientific network
Kathleen Sheppard

to the formation of the professional discipline than published scholarship and institutional organization. This chapter focuses on James Breasted’s early professional network, specifically the two nodes that he cultivated on his first trip to Egypt: the British field archaeologist Flinders Petrie and the French Director of the Department of Antiquities in Egypt, Gaston Maspero. These personal and professional networks then expanded from the institutional hubs into the broader scientific discipline of Egyptology. In scientific networks, nodes are the people around

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Clusters of knowledge
Julia Roberts and Kathleen Sheppard

publication of aggressive criticisms and personal attacks on colleagues resulted in a problematic relationship which then affected the career decisions he made. While the immense quantity of work Furtwängler produced over his lifetime cannot be ignored, Hansson argues that his impact on artefact studies has been overlooked by conventional histories of archaeology as a direct result of his fractious character. Drawing on unpublished archival material Hansson reconstructs Furtwängler’s professional networks and work methods. Arwill-Nordbladh’s subject, Hanna Rydh, also

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The permeable clusters of Hanna Rydh
Elisabeth Arwill-Nordbladh

various force. However, one of the distinctive features of ANT is that such analyses are based on the assumption that the agential dynamics constitute systems, possible to study on various social scales, in which the agential subjects – the human agents and the material actants – are parts of one or several networks. Professional networking is crucial to the production of knowledge. One fundamental element in knowledge-producing processes is spatial location; the geography or landscape of knowledge (Livingstone, 2003, 2010). The geographical approach can be understood

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
The first Dutch excavation in Italy, 1952–58
Arthur Weststeijn and Laurien de Gelder

familiar with Rome, having been granted scholarships from the Netherlands Institute several times during his studies. These research visits allowed him to start building a professional network in Rome, including the well-known Italian Etruscologist Antonio Minto and his student Ranuccio Bianchi Bandinelli. Encouraged by ROBERTS 9781526134554 PRINT.indd 71 03/12/2019 08:56 72 Communities and knowledge production in archaeology Hendrik Bolkenstein, a specialist in ancient religion at the University of Utrecht, Van Essen finished his dissertation on Etruscan tomb

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
The case of Oscar Montelius and Italy
Anna Gustavsson

probably where he first met or heard of several of the scholars who would be a part of his professional network throughout his career. Among the Italians were Luigi Pigorini (1842–1925), at the time the director of the museum in Parma, Giovanni Capellini (1833–1922), Professor at the University of Bologna and Count Giovanni Gozzadini (1810–87) who was involved in the first discoveries at and excavations of the Villanova ‘culture’ near Bologna. It was at the next Congress, in Bologna in 1871, that the Bronze and Iron Ages gained serious attention for the first time.6 The

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology