‘masters’ – a
form of expert – by both producers and consumers in what can be called
‘organic’ community networks. Within these networks credence systems
have developed, including dedicated direct provision networks and confidential trademark supports (e.g. ‘Demeter’, since 1928).
In this context of ‘domestic’ and ‘inspired’ types of quality convention (to
use the classification of Boltanski and Thévenot 1991), incipient organic
farming professionalnetworks eventually led to the normalisation and emergence of ‘industrial’ and ‘market oriented’ organic quality
sources available to users:
statistics from professionalnetworks conducting evaluations of care
units; primary school inspections by government institutions; and
calculations such as the Sharpe ratio (risk in relation to earnings)
developed by Nobel laureate William Sharpe, in relation to investment
bonds. The designers’ configuration of users was relatively loose,
and the guides constrained their users in a limited way. The users
were put at the center of an action net that was to result in a choice.
Thus, increased knowledge and a long-term view were ways intended
travelling to other diasporic locations, involved some contact with a
cricket and social club. These clubs provided family, social and
professionalnetworks that were essential for black men’s
survival in a city rife with interpersonal and systemic racism. Talking
with men of my fathers’ generation made me appreciate C. L. R.
James’ sage comments made in the introduction to a collection of