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Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Open Access (free)
Tony Fitzpatrick

-intervention. Therefore the real decision we have to face is not between eugenics and non-eugenics, because we cannot choose not to choose, but between a eugenics of the free market (where it is the unintended outcomes of voluntary exchanges that shape future populations) and a eugenics that is set within regulatory frameworks. In short, a regressive eugenics (whether based upon the centralised state or the free market) is one that elevates choice over chance, whereas a progressive, regulated eugenics makes room for both choice and chance in its values and criteria. Before defending my

in After the new social democracy
Daniela Cutas and Anna Smajdor

outdated almost from the moment it became law (Lee and Morgan 2001: 2). Many new and prospective avenues for scientific and medical exploration, such as surrogacy, pre-implantation diagnosis, mitochondrial donation, egg freezing and the possibility of creating gametes in vitro, were emerging. The latter is of particular interest because prospective innovations such as in vitro-created gametes or human cloning may disintegrate the biological boundaries that currently help to define what we mean by reproduction (Hendriks et al. 2015). However, the regulatory framework is

in The freedom of scientific research
Contesting the meaning of the 2015 refugee crisis in Sweden
Admir Skodo

for building housing for unaccompanied minors. When these processes were completed, there were no more minors. The resources of the municipalities had thus been wasted. (‘Receiving Refugees’, p. 263) Because the municipalities offered a radically different perspective on the basic facts presented by the state they were led to different normative conclusions. Indeed, multiple municipalities stated that the ‘greatest difficulty was not to come up with practical solutions at short notice, but rather to interpret different regulatory frameworks or the fact that these

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Open Access (free)
Environmental managerialism and golf’s conspicuous exemption
Brad Millington and Brian Wilson

smaller-scale conflict – also noted by the Standing Committee – lying in the PMRA’s exclusive reliance on industry-supplied science in the registration process. There are also reports that voluntarism’s other arm – funding cuts – have reached the PMRA as well. For example, the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives recently reported that a hundred PMRA jobs belonging mainly to biologists had been affected by budgetary cutbacks (Nelson, 2014 ; also see Krupka, 2000 : 255). Canada’s regulatory

in The greening of golf
Theories and evidence
Josep Banyuls and Albert Recto

developed by Rubery about labour market segmentation, this chapter discusses how this debate has materialised in Spain, and how the empirical evidence vindicates the heterodox approach. Spain is a particularly interesting case to consider these different points of view due to its high unemployment rate and the huge amount of reforms that have taken place in the labour market’s regulatory framework. We begin by addressing the main lines of argument of the neoclassical approach to explain labour market problems in Spain. We then offer an alternative perspective rooted in

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Mark Harvey, Andrew McMeekin, and Alan Warde

to the definition of a quality product. While Bergeaud-Blackler teases out the tangle of informal and local bases for the ascription of quality, David Barling, in chapter 5, attends to formal modes of regulation. He looks in detail at contemporary institutional and organisational change in the UK and the EC. Barling makes clear that food issues are politically very important, both nationally and in the EC, and he examines recent developments in the formal arrangements and regulatory frameworks for ensuring food quality. Once again, the aspect of food quality

in Qualities of food
Analysing the example of data territorialisation
Andreas Baur-Ahrens

connecting commercial or public infrastructure (routers, wires, data centres), as well as traffic protocols and standards. Following Mimi Sheller and John Urry ( 2006 : 210, 212; see also Söderström et al. 2013 : 7), it is these ‘multiple fixities and moorings’ materialised by immobile infrastructures, regulatory frameworks, and social practices that organise the flow of information. In order to understand

in Security/ Mobility
Open Access (free)
Dalia Abdelhady, Nina Gren, and Martin Joormann

bureaucracies that emerged following the War on Terror, Heng and McDonagh (2011, p. 1) state that ‘the emergence of such risk regulatory regimes however is neither assumed nor predicted. The subjective and constructed nature of risk perceptions suggests that any emergent regulatory framework based on increased risk consciousness can never be considered a foregone conclusion.’ In other words, the ambivalent nature of risk dictates the continual construction and negotiation of the meaning of risk. In 12 Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies the context of the

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe
Introduction and overview
Damian Grimshaw, Colette Fagan, Gail Hebson, and Isabel Tavora

collective bargaining, such as in Greece during the post-2008 recession, protective labour market institutions can be easily dismantled. For this reason, Bosch and Lehndorff argue that a more inclusive regulatory framework needs to be anchored not only to statutory protections and minimum standards but also to strong participatory rights and discuss the scope for national actors to move towards these goals under the new European economic governance framework. Marchington and Dundon discuss the societal forces for ‘fair voice’ and the challenges workers face in liberal

in Making work more equal