Prompted by this report, and increased public interest in flight safety following the air crash in Kallang, in the mid-1950s pilots’ hours of work and rest were reviewed by national agencies, and in 1957 a new regulatoryframework was introduced to control pilots’ schedules.
Based on a model of fatigue that had its roots in the late nineteenth century, the concept of balance was implicit in these regulations from the outset. The notion of fatigue was vague and contested throughout the twentieth century. Attempts to find a biological marker for fatigue
A national ethics committee and bioethics during the 1990s
-governmental organization’.57 No politician, tellingly, spoke in
favour of the current ethical and regulatoryframework.
Supporters of a national committee found a high-profile ally
in Mary Warnock, who claimed that public interest in ‘a growing
number of topics’ such as gene therapy and embryo research justified the formation of ‘a permanent royal commission with a rolling
membership’.58 Writing in the British Medical Journal, Warnock
endorsed a national committee that resembled the ‘monitoring body’
her committee had proposed for IVF and embryo experiments. She
argued that it would
Part II, this chapter focuses more on the sociological concept and how it manifested in debates around the pertussis crisis. Studies of risk usually take three forms. 4 First, they explore how societies have come to create, identify and manage new risks as they become more technologically advanced. Modern societies have created new hazards – things that can go wrong – with ever greater destructive power (e.g. the potential meltdown of a nuclear power plant). Regulatoryframeworks manage the risk – the statistical likelihood that the hazard will actually occur – so