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Cambodia’s bones
Fiona Gill

The display of human remains is a controversial issue in many contemporary societies, with many museums globally removing them from display. However, their place in genocide memorials is also contested. Objections towards the display of remains are based strongly in the social sciences and humanities, predicated on assumptions made regarding the relationship between respect, identification and personhood. As remains are displayed scientifically and anonymously, it is often argued that the personhood of the remains is denied, thereby rendering the person ‘within’ the remains invisible. In this article I argue that the link between identification and personhood is, in some contexts, tenuous at best. Further, in the context of Cambodia, I suggest that such analyses ignore the ways that local communities and Cambodians choose to interact with human remains in their memorials. In such contexts, the display of the remains is central to restoring their personhood and dignity.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Embodying the disappeared of the Argentinian dictatorship through law
Sévane Garibian

a triple challenge: establishment of the facts, to bring them into the light, the (re)construction and understanding of the narrative of what took place; the exposure of the crime and sentencing of those responsible; and an end to the crime and access to mourning. It then becomes a question of thinking of the disappeared/absent body not ‘in the negative’, in respect of what it prevents, but ‘in the positive’, in respect of what it allows juridically: that is, to think of it as generating rights and duties. The absence of the bodies of the disappeared and the

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda
Rémi Korman

genocide, churches, and the Rwandan state itself. What accounts for the specific features of the Rwandan case in this respect? In what context are these genocide exhumations carried out and who exactly are the actors organizing them in Rwanda? How are the mass graves to be located, opened, and selected, and how are the exhumed victims identified? The question of the role of foreign forensic anthropologists in Rwanda since the genocide is particularly important. While the role 204   Rémi Korman of foreign specialists in the memorialization and commemoration of the

in Human remains and identification
Chowra Makaremi

. In this respect, they constitute a rare document, though secrecy still surrounds the administrative practices and chains of command that organized state violence in Iran, which remain in place and in effect in some cases. Interview number 19 is entitled ‘The cadavers from the mass graves from the 1981 massacre in the riverbed’.3 The interviewee, an official at the Ministry of Justice in the city of Shiraz, recounts being summoned to appear before the revolutionary tribunal during the summer of 1981. Majid Torabpour, the director of Shiraz city prison, is waiting

in Destruction and human remains
Élisabeth Anstett

9 An anthropological approach to human remains from the gulags Élisabeth Anstett We owe respect to the living To the dead we owe only the truth. (Voltaire) Introduction Archaeologists and anthropologists specializing in the field of funerary customs have long been used to considering the degree of social, religious and political investment placed in the dead body. Ever since the pioneering work of Robert Hertz, we have known that the social treatment of corpses is based on a series of rituals that bring into play the full range of collective representations

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Victim, witness and evidence of mass violence
Caroline Fournet

this chapter does not pretend to provide a definitive answer to these questions, it is nonetheless true that the very expression ‘human body’, missing from the text of the law – at least in its French version – has incontestably been integrated into the judicial language relative to crimes against humanity. HRMV.indb 58 01/09/2014 17:28:35 The human body: victim, witness and evidence  59 It is, in this respect, particularly striking that the human body is not mentioned with regard to the crime against humanity of murder – no more than a simple specification that

in Human remains and mass violence
Open Access (free)
Tracing relatedness and diversity in the Albanian–Montenegrin borderland
Jelena Tošić

practically all local ethno-national, religious and ideological/political ‘categories’. Here, people declaring themselves to be Albanians, Montenegrins, Serbs, Yugoslavs, Christians and Muslims, democrats or socialists – allegiances that entailed tensions and conflicts in other parts of the Balkans – were not merely relatives, but respected the individual freedom of self-denomination. In this chapter I use episodes from my journey along the Sarapa genealogical pathway to explore the interrelatedness of human and border mobility and inclusivity of diverse population patterns

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
Why exhume? Why identify?
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

the volume focuses on the Asian continent. Frances Tay is interested in the exhumations ordered in Malaysia by the British military courts in the course of trials for Japanese atrocities committed during the occupation of the peninsula. These exhumations have indeed reflected the policy of restoring the colonial regime, while the process of memorializing the victims – which later drew on other exhumations – revealed the importance of the Chinese minority in the construction of an independent Malaysian state. In this respect, the last section of the volume offers a

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
Theoretical approaches
Finn Stepputat

causes abjection but what disturbs identity, system, order. What does not respect borders, positions, rules’ (1982: 4). Against biological explanations of the repulsion that dead bodies produce, Kristeva holds that the abject and abjection are ‘primers of culture’ that draw us ‘toward the place where meaning collapses’, a place beyond discourse. The abject does not signify death: ‘No, as in true theatre … refuse and corpses show me what I permanently thrust aside in order to live’ (1982: 2). In Kernaghan’s interpretation (2009; this volume), the Peruvian Shining Path

in Governing the dead
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

migrants rather than with people from the destination society. In at least one respect, they lived under inverted gender norms. Gendered usages 126 Migrating borders and moving times prevalent in their village communities were changed: for instance, the men often had to clean, wash and cook for themselves. Thus, although the men directed their lives towards the (still very patriarchally organised) village, their life worlds differed in several important respects from those whom they had left at home. When the men visited their homes in Kosovo, they often did not talk

in Migrating borders and moving times