Cambodia’s bones
Fiona Gill

The display of human remains is a controversial issue in many contemporary societies, with many museums globally removing them from display. However, their place in genocide memorials is also contested. Objections towards the display of remains are based strongly in the social sciences and humanities, predicated on assumptions made regarding the relationship between respect, identification and personhood. As remains are displayed scientifically and anonymously, it is often argued that the personhood of the remains is denied, thereby rendering the person ‘within’ the remains invisible. In this article I argue that the link between identification and personhood is, in some contexts, tenuous at best. Further, in the context of Cambodia, I suggest that such analyses ignore the ways that local communities and Cambodians choose to interact with human remains in their memorials. In such contexts, the display of the remains is central to restoring their personhood and dignity.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Roxana Ferllini

This article presents an account of the involvement of forensic anthropology in the investigation of human rights abuses in the modern era, and the difficulties it faces with respect to lack of adequate funding, volatile settings, the presence of unexploded ordnance, corruption in governmental agencies and a lack of good will, absence of support for NGOs and the curtailment of formal judicial proceedings to effect transitional justice. Syria, Iraq, Afghanistan, Spain, Mexico and the Northern Triangle are provided as regional examples of the problems encountered when attempting to conduct forensic anthropological investigations to locate mass graves, retrieve victims and obtain proper identifications. Interventions by various organisations are highlighted to illustrate their assistance to forensic and non-forensic individuals through technical support, training and mentoring in the areas of crime-scene management and identification techniques. Interventions in mass-grave processing when state agencies have failed, the importance of DNA banks and information from family members and witnesses are also presented.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Burials, body parts and bones in the earlier Upper Palaeolithic
Erik Trinkaus, Sandra Sázelová, and Jiří Svoboda

The rich earlier Mid Upper Palaeolithic (Pavlovian) sites of Dolní Vĕstonice I and II and Pavlov I (∼32,000–∼30,000 cal BP) in southern Moravia (Czech Republic) have yielded a series of human burials, isolated pairs of extremities and isolated bones and teeth. The burials occurred within and adjacent to the remains of structures (‘huts’), among domestic debris. Two of them were adjacent to mammoth bone dumps, but none of them was directly associated with areas of apparent discard (or garbage). The isolated pairs and bones/teeth were haphazardly scattered through the occupation areas, many of them mixed with the small to medium-sized faunal remains, from which many were identified post-excavation. It is therefore difficult to establish a pattern of disposal of the human remains with respect to the abundant evidence for site structure at these Upper Palaeolithic sites. At the same time, each form of human preservation raises questions about the differential mortuary behaviours, and hence social dynamics, of these foraging populations and how we interpret them through an archaeological lens.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Bonnie Clementsson

worded, making alternative interpretations possible. The Catholic Church chose to interpret the text so that the number of prohibited degrees was extended far beyond the wording of the Bible. From the year 1215, incest prohibitions included both consanguinity and affinity relationships up to the fourth degree. 7 In other words, a man and a woman were prohibited from marrying if they had one common relative four generations earlier. With respect to affinity relationships, a widower was forbidden to marry anyone who had

in Incest in Sweden, 1680–1940
Open Access (free)
Can historians assist development policy-making, or just highlight its faults?
David Hall-Mathews

this respect, because its goals are uncontroversial. It is also relatively easy to measure not only its impact but its scale. To a large extent, in a development context, good public health policy simply means sufficient resource allocation to the health sector to ensure that it has the capacity to function effectively and can be accessed by the entire population. This has rarely been achieved, for two main reasons. First, the development of grassroots healthcare – as distinct from intervening in response to spectacular outbreaks of famine or epidemic disease – is

in History, historians and development policy
Heloise Brown

most active women in the late nineteenth-century peace movement demonstrates that it was possible for absolute pacifists to work closely with non-absolutists, even when differences of opinion and principle occurred. Priscilla Peckover provides a key example of interorganisational co-operation, especially in respect of the mass movement she generated: the Local Peace Associations (LPAs). Peckover’s methods of working drew upon both Quaker ideals and domestic ideology. In contrast to the Peace Society’s approach, which was often both defensive and, to some extent

in ‘The truest form of patriotism’
Open Access (free)
Joseph Jaconelli

necessary link between the adjective and the concept of a ‘trial’. This is implicit in the comment on the guarantees of the Sixth Amendment by the US Supreme Court in Estes v. Texas:6 Significantly, in the Sixth Amendment the words ‘speedy and public’ qualify the term trial and the rest of the Amendment defines the specific protections the accused is to have at his trial. Thus, the Sixth Amendment, by its own terms, not only requires that the accused have certain specific rights but also that he enjoy them at a trial . . .7 In another respect, also, the concept of a

in Judicial tribunals in England and Europe, 1200–1700
Brian Pullan and Michele Abendstern

preserves, to ensure respect and consideration for women, to protect them against indecent and violent acts, and to procure more genuine equality of opportunity – a concern which extended not only to women, but also to ethnic groups and disabled people. Interest in southern Africa and in nuclear disarmament became less intense in the late 1980s. No longer did students seek allies in fellow victims of Government policy, friends in health service workers or striking miners. chap 12 23/9/03 1:19 pm Page 269 Student culture in the 1980s 269 Levels of student radicalism

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Stephen J. Kunitz

Bayly 06_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:23 Page 146 6 Healthcare policy for American Indians since the early twentieth century Stephen J. Kunitz In the English-speaking liberal democracies of North America and Oceania, European contact with indigenous peoples caused catastrophic population losses initially, and recovery only relatively recently. In addition, policies with respect to the treatment of the original indigenous inhabitants have been broadly similar, moving from subjugation to assimilation to self-determination (Kunitz 1994). In all four of the settler

in History, historians and development policy
Open Access (free)
Sue Thomas

Britain a respect for ‘human rights and human needs’. 93 As Jan Pettman points out, ‘Human rights have long been associated with a western, liberal and individualistic approach to rights’. 94 Naipaul consciously represents his ideal of the individual as being grounded in ‘metropolitan assumptions about society: the availability of a wider learning, an idea of history, a concern with self-knowledge’. 95

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain