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Editor’s Introduction
Juliano Fiori

limited to operating in countries under Western tutelage, but even those inspired by anti-communism were cautious about structural integration into Western security strategies. At the beginning of the 1990s, NGOs shrugged off their scepticism for the morality of state power, working more closely with Western military forces. Private and government funding for humanitarian operations increased. With the help of news media, humanitarian agencies boosted their political capital, presenting themselves as providers of public moral conscience for the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

important in a world whose rules they did not write, allege that human rights and humanitarianism represent the soft-power version of Western modernity, another vector for the transmission of liberal-capitalist values and interests that threatens their hold on national power and resources. China, with its muscular conception of sovereignty and its no-questions-asked relationship with other authoritarian states, leads the way. These non-Western states can hardly be blamed for their scepticism given the degree to which humanitarians often attend crises

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

public advocacy at the organisational level, as well as the converse risks of remaining silent, humanitarian practitioners have also expressed various concerns about speaking out. One concern is about whether public advocacy is actually impactful, and what form of advocacy should humanitarians pursue. On the one hand, interviewees articulated scepticism about whether the plethora of data gathering and awareness raising initiatives in this area – such as the Aid Worker Security Database, the Aid in Danger project, the ICRC’s Health Care in Danger initiative, and MSF

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

and 2009 ( Stoddard et al. , 2009 : 1). The year 2018 saw 405 attacks, the second-highest number on record ( Humanitarian Outcomes, 2019b ). By way of explanation, Eckroth (2010 : 5) points to the increasingly ‘complicated’ post-Cold War and post-9/11 world, which has made aid work more ambiguous and fomented scepticism of humanitarian principles. It bears noting that data on aid worker security is limited, heavily dependent on the Aid Worker

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

-to-earth living standards to interpreting and fulfilling human desires’ ( Aravena, 2016 : 3–4). It was the last week before the Biennale closed for the season, and I had, over the previous summer, read a great deal of enthusiastic commentary on the event and its explicitly humanitarian intentions. I was keen to see the exhibits, especially given my long-running scepticism about the ability of architects to play a useful role in humanitarianism. However, after walking through the many

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Matt Matravers and Susan Mendus

). On the other hand, there are those (including Brian Barry) who endorse the conclusion that what follows from the reasonableness of pluralism is the injustice of imposition, but argue that this must be underpinned not by the method of avoidance, but by scepticism. MCK2 1/10/2003 40 10:19 AM Page 40 The reasonableness of pluralism We begin with Barry’s sceptical argument (in the next two sections). In the first of them we argue that in presenting the case for scepticism and against epistemological restraint, Barry misrepresents epistemological restraint

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Open Access (free)
A never-ending story of mutual attraction and estrangement
Nikos Frangakis and Antonios D. Papayannides

early years of Euroscepticism. Foreign policy considerations and the social impact of the protracted stabilisation policies needed to open the way to Euro participation are the main sources of elite scepticism. The press and electronic media provide mainly pro-European coverage. Greek participation in the third stage of EMU in 2001 was generally touted as the paramount policy objective. Constitutional changes and political adaptations to accommodate the EU legal system The ratification of the Treaty of Accession of Greece to the (then) European Communities was based

in Fifteen into one?
Open Access (free)
In pursuit of influence and legitimacy
Finn Laursen

integration of the Schengen acquis into the Union by the Amsterdam Treaty is also creating pressures on the JHA exemption, and the new British attitude to a common European defence policy has placed pressure on the Danish policy on European defence. The Conservative Party is also pro-integration, but less so than the Liberal Party. It is the smaller parties on both the left and the right that have tried to exploit the public’s scepticism by advocating anti-integration policies. These smaller parties have sometimes been very successful in setting the agenda of the Danish EU

in Fifteen into one?
Open Access (free)
Reasonable tolerance
Catriona McKinnon and Dario Castiglione

tolerance in the past popular justifications of toleration relying on either some form of scepticism or prudential reasoning seemed sufficient to guarantee peaceful coexistence within the boundaries established by a combination of the international system, the nation state, and democratic politics. The problem with the merely prudential form of justification seems to be one of stability: on this view, toleration can be, at most, a modus vivendi. If the distribution of power changes such that peace could be maintained by one group forcibly imposing its views on the others

in The culture of toleration in diverse societies
Philip Lynch

and promotion of the free market by signing the Maastricht Treaty. This opened a schism in the Conservative Party that Major exacerbated by paying insufficient attention to the growth of Euro-sceptic sentiment. Membership of the Exchange Rate Mechanism (ERM) prolonged recession and undermined the party’s reputation for economic competence. Finally, Euro-sceptics argued that Major’s unwillingness to rule out British entry into the single currency for at least the next Parliament left the party unable to capitalise on the Euro-scepticism that prevailed in the

in The Conservatives in Crisis