Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 39 items for :

  • "scepticism" x
  • Manchester Political Studies x
Clear All
Open Access (free)
The oddity of democracy
Rodney Barker

The unique ambivalence of democracy as a form of government and politics is the identity of the mobilised population as both rulers and subjects. Democracy depends not only on good government or good governors, but on the political role of a demos of active citizens. A democratic polity requires a democratic society, characterised by equality of identity in all its dimensions. The ideal identity of a democratic citizenry is composed of polite but limited deference, and robust scepticism of authority.

The possibility of disrespect and satire is both least necessary and most possible in democratic societies, with demonstration and, in its widest form, carnival as the last resort for asserting democratic identity.

The collision between equality and inequality, association and distinction can be vigorous in democracies, as representation not only exemplifies but exaggerates identities cultivated through association.

in Cultivating political and public identity
Open Access (free)
Anthony Coates

result of a radical scepticism about war that has more in common with pacifism than it has with just war theory. According to Johnson, the classical view of war itself is a neutral one. It is the moral presumption in favour of justice that determines whether the response to war is a negative or a positive one. There is reason to be wary of regarding war with the kind of moral equanimity that this neutral

in Political concepts
Problematising the normative connection
Eşref Aksu

for the UN’s role in it. 13 Originally the UN was devised by victorious states to regulate ‘inter-national’ behaviour following World War II. In that sense, the organisation was intended to play a regulatory role in inter-governmental governance, with a special emphasis on peace and security. The Charter embodies states’ scepticism as to potential UN intrusion into

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Between international relations and European studies
Ben Tonra and Thomas Christiansen

(TEU) declared unambiguously that ‘A common foreign and security policy is hereby established which shall be governed by the following provisions’ (Treaty on European Union, Article 11), there is considerable and obvious distance between that ringing political declaration and the reality of subsequent policy formulation (Hill 1993a ; Peterson and Sjursen 1998 ). If one can, however, restrain a naturally resulting scepticism, it is striking to

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Mads Qvortrup

disposition of age, no authority could enable an individual to execute’ (187). This scepticism in the powers of human reason might seem misplaced in the age of rationalism. This anti-constructivist conception of society as something that has evolved through what Hayek was later to call ‘spontaneous action’, was rejected by – and largely written in opposition to – a different conception of society, which we might call (for want of a better expression), constructivist. René Descartes, in Discourse on Method, was a proponent of the constructivist view. He argued that ‘there is

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Tarik Kochi

Hegel's account of the relation between master and slave as being situated within the ancient economies of Greece and Rome. This makes some sense given that the section on Stoicism and Scepticism follows the section on master and slave. In referring to the ancient economy Hegel is presenting a very personal relation of power and domination of one body over another. In

in Recognition and Global Politics
Adrian Hyde-Price

-positivists, should be viewed with a high degree of scepticism. As Michael Clarke has argued, if we wish to ‘understand the working of political power in our contemporary world’ we need to draw on a wide range of disciplinary and theoretical perspectives. ‘The world into which we are moving offers prima facie evidence that nothing less than such an ambitious attempt at eclecticism will do’ (Clarke 1993 : xvi). Understanding and explaining

in Rethinking European Union Foreign Policy
Open Access (free)
Universalism and the Jewish question
Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

progress has always been distant and difficult and faith in progress has not become any easier. Signs of barbarism were acutely visible in the 1990s in the mass murder of Muslims in Bosnia and Kosovo and the simultaneous genocide in Rwanda, and more indirectly indicated by the silence, if not effective collusion, with which these catastrophes were largely met in the ‘international community’. In addition, the scepticism with which many leftist groups and

in Antisemitism and the left
Open Access (free)
Their basis and limits
Catriona McKinnon

are plausibly authoritative in conditions of pluralism, we are entitled to some scepticism here. A different approach for the IB theorist is to claim that imperfect social obligations are derived from interests, but that these interests are not important enough to hold others to be under duties to help/not hinder their pursuit, and so do not correlate with rights. Here, duties of justice and imperfect social obligations share

in Political concepts
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

of superstition, a dislike of irrational thought, and a scepticism about all religious, moral and scientific thinking. Concurrent with this intellectual movement there has been the continuing presence of atavistic and irrational beliefs, destructive, fatalistic and always waiting, patiently, for the tiring rigours of rationality and experimentation, assessment and rejection of failure to overwhelm their supporters. Out of

in Understanding political ideas and movements