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Problematising the normative connection
Eşref Aksu

for the UN’s role in it. 13 Originally the UN was devised by victorious states to regulate ‘inter-national’ behaviour following World War II. In that sense, the organisation was intended to play a regulatory role in inter-governmental governance, with a special emphasis on peace and security. The Charter embodies states’ scepticism as to potential UN intrusion into

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Eşref Aksu

Makarios’ efforts at the UN, if he chose to reject the idea of NATO peacekeeping. 12 Cypriot scepticism of the desirability of a NATO action was understandable, given that Cyprus was a newly decolonised and non-aligned country. However, other considerations had in all probability also motivated Makarios’ rejection of the idea of NATO peacekeeping. 13 In the first place, he felt that in the event of

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
A child of the Kosovo crisis?
Paul Latawski and Martin A. Smith

[NATO] Alliance are made on pragmatic grounds alone’. 40 The scepticism seems justified. There can be little doubt that the principal underlying reasons for the British policy shift were political rather than pragmatic. The role of the Kosovo crisis A number of academic analysts have argued that a further significant source of pressure for change in British policy came from the Prime Minister’s alleged dismay at the European

in The Kosovo crisis and the evolution of post-Cold War European security
Eşref Aksu

–90. 66 This normative change did, of course, attract some resistance or at least scepticism. See, for instance, Cuba’s views in S/PV.3168 of 29 January 1993, pp. 83–4. 67 See, for instance, the views expressed by Mozambique, Namibia and Venezuela in S/PV.3254 of 15 July 1993 and

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds
Eşref Aksu

-perceptions, with religion, race, nation, ethno-linguistic affinity, ideology and colonial heritage all playing a part. 23 The most important common denominator of these self-perceptions was the scepticism, indeed hostility, towards the North – in particular the former colonial powers. Hence, Nasser’s Arab nationalism and Nkrumah’s Africanism were able to converge in their oppositional attitude towards colonial

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change