Search results

Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

marginalised ( Redfield, 2012 ). Here, we employ a review of security manuals, 6 aid worker chat groups, 7 interviews with aid workers 8 and our own experiences to explore how colonialist notions of ‘stranger danger’ play out in aid security. Thus, while people of diverse genders, racialisations, sexualities and (dis)abilities participate in aid in many ways ( Fassin, 2013 ; Malkki, 2015 ; Redfield, 2012 ; Vaux, 2001 ), we argue that humanitarianism remains very much

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

Schulz and Touquet, 2020 ). While sexual violence in conflict and displacement is sometimes used to terrorise the victim, community or population at large, it may also be employed to garner popular support. This is particularly the case for sexual and other forms of gendered violence against those perceived as ‘undesirables’ or whose sexuality ‘must’ be policed by the society or community in question. This may include queer and trans persons as well as alleged drug traffickers

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

71 countries registering a reduction in political rights and civil liberties ( Freedom House, 2018 ). All of which puts the viability of global liberal institutions increasingly in doubt. This idea of a protected place where, regardless of one’s identity (ethnicity, nationality, religion, gender, sexuality, but also whether or not one is a dissident), one’s basic rights are secure is constitutively liberal. As fewer and fewer governments, and more and more people, view the existence of such a sanctuary within society as fanciful, illegitimate and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

programmes and initiatives that claim to help and empower women. This issue offers a rich contribution to our understanding of humanitarianism and the ways in which it is structured by gendered logics and power relations, as well as exploring how those gendered logics intersect with other power hierarchies, such as race and sexuality. Elsewhere, feminist and gender-focused approaches to studying humanitarianism have helped us better understand aspects of the sector, such as the gendered concept of ‘care

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

patriarchal binary approach to gender and sexuality’ ( Fal-Dutra Santos, 2019 ). Gender-transformative action refers to efforts to challenge the norms that underpin gender inequalities. ‘Culture’ is defined as the social heritage, behaviour, values, habits, ideas and/or symbols, among other factors ( Kroeber and Kluckhohn, 1952 ) that characterise a social group. Despite the plurality of definitions of culture, it is generally agreed that gender (and sex) are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

, O. and Fox , R. C. ( 2008 ), ‘“Nationals” and “Expatriates”: Challenges of Fulfilling “Sans Frontières” (“Without Borders”) Ideals in International Humanitarian Action’ , Health and Human Rights , 10 : 1 , 109 – 22 . Stoler , A. L. ( 1995 ), Race and the Education of Desire: Foucault’s History of Sexuality and the Colonial Order of Things ( Durham, NC : Duke University Press ). Stoler , A. L. ( 2016 ), Duress: Imperial Durabilities in Our Times ( Durham, NC : Duke University Press ). Verweijen , J. ( 2016 ), Stable Instability: Political

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

, nationality and sexuality ( EISF, 2018 ). In some cases, as in the bombings of ICRC and UN headquarters in Iraq in 2003, aid agencies and their staff are specifically targeted, and this could explain singling staff out from the rest of the civilian population on a case-by-case basis. However, it is not evident that the category of ‘staff’ is always and everywhere subject to a more distinct set of threats and vulnerabilities than other categories of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Tami Amanda Jacoby

. As a result, strategic arguments have permeated the personal arena of sexuality, fertility and reproduction. The notion of strategic superiority maintains that soldiers must defend borders, while the Bible gives the cardinal commandment ‘Be fruitful and multiply’ (Genesis 1:28). The synthesis of religious and strategic arguments over land renders national security synonymous with the need to

in Redefining security in the Middle East
Open Access (free)
Resistance and the liberal peace: a missing link
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

subordinate classes with what Nzongola-Ntalaja names as the working class (both skilled and unskilled) and the peasantry (1983: 58–9);9 and with what Barrington Moore calls ‘lower classes’, ‘those with little or no property, income, education, power, authority, or prestige’ (1978: 35 and xiii). The concept of subordinate/non-elite is complex and contingent. It is intersected by the different kinds of subordination that cut across economic, social and political relations including class, gender, ethnic group, race, age, sexuality and physical ability. In the context of

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making